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  • Print publication year: 2011
  • Online publication date: April 2011

Chapter 56 - Nutritional pharmacology


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44. Tashiro T, Yamamori H, Takagi K, Morishima Y, Nakajima N. Effect of severity of stress on whole-body protein kinetics in surgical patients receiving parenteral nutrition. Nutrition 1996; 12: 763–5.
45. Brown JA, Gore DC, Jahoor F. Catabolic hormones alone fail to reproduce the stress-induced efflux of amino acids. Arch Surg 1994; 129: 819–24.
46. Popovic PJ, Zeh HJ, Ochoa JB. Arginine and immunity. J Nutr 2007; 137: 1681S–1686S.
47. Wischmeyer PE. Glutamine: the first clinically relevant pharmacological regulator of heat shock protein expression? Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care 2006; 9: 201–6.
48. Demling R. The use of anabolic agents in catabolic states. J Burns Wounds 2007; 6: e2.
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50. Jenkins RC, Ross RJ. Acquired growth hormone resistance in catabolic states. Baillieres Clin Endocrinol Metab 1996; 10: 411–19.
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54. Hall JC, Heel K, McCauley R. Glutamine. Br J Surg 1996; 83: 305–12.
55. Parry-Billings M, Evans J, Calder PC, Newsholme EA. Does glutamine contribute to immunosuppression after major burns? Lancet 1990; 336: 523–5.
56. Oudemans-van Straaten HM, Bosman RJ, Treskes M, van der Spoel HJ, Zandstra DF. Plasma glutamine depletion and patient outcome in acute ICU admissions. Intensive Care Med 2001; 27: 84–90.
57. Novak F, Heyland DK, Avenell A, Drover JW, Su X. Glutamine supplementation in serious illness: a systematic review of the evidence. Crit Care Med 2002; 30: 2022–9.
58. Preiser JC, Wernerman J. Glutamine, a life-saving nutrient, but why? Crit Care Med 2003; 31: 2555–6.
59. Wischmeyer PE. Glutamine and heat shock protein expression. Nutrition 2002; 18: 225–8.
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64. Ribeiro SP, Villar J, Downey GP, Edelson JD, Slutsky AS. Effects of the stress response in septic rats and LPS-stimulated alveolar macrophages: evidence for TNF-alpha posttranslational regulation. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 1996; 154: 1843–50.
65. Ribeiro SP, Villar J, Slutsky AS. Induction of the stress response to prevent organ injury. New Horiz 1995; 3: 301–11.
66. Moseley PL, Gapen C, Wallen ES, Walter ME, Peterson MW. Thermal stress induces epithelial permeability. Am J Physiol 1994; 267: C425–34.
67. Singleton KD, Serkova N, Beckey VE, Wischmeyer PE. Glutamine attenuates lung injury and improves survival after sepsis: role of enhanced heat shock protein expression. Crit Care Med 2005; 33: 1206–13.
68. Singleton KD, Serkova N, Banerjee A, et al. Glutamine attenuates endotoxin-induced lung metabolic dysfunction: potential role of enhanced heat shock protein 70. Nutrition 2005; 21: 214–23.
69. Singleton KD, Wischmeyer PE. Oral glutamine enhances heat shock protein expression and improves survival following hyperthermia. Shock 2006; 25: 295–9.
70. Wischmeyer PE, Kahana M, Wolfson R, et al. Glutamine induces heat shock protein and protects against endotoxin shock in the rat. J Appl Physiol 2001; 90: 2403–10.
71. Wischmeyer PE, Kahana M, Wolfson R, et al. Glutamine reduces cytokine release, organ damage, and mortality in a rat model of endotoxemia. Shock 2001; 16: 398–402.
72. Wischmeyer PE, Riehm J, Singleton KD, et al. Glutamine attenuates tumor necrosis factor-alpha release and enhances heat shock protein 72 in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells. Nutrition 2003; 19: 1–6.
73. Wischmeyer PE, Vanden Hoek TL, Li C, et al. Glutamine preserves cardiomyocyte viability and enhances recovery of contractile function after ischemia-reperfusion injury. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 2003; 27: 116–22.
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81. Gatt M, MacFie J, McNaughton L, et al. Gut function is an independent indicator of patient outcome: proof of principle. Clin Nutr Suppl 2007; 2: 108.
82. Kudsk KA, Tolley EA, DeWitt RC, et al. Preoperative albumin and surgical site identify surgical risk for major postoperative complications. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 2003; 27: 1–9.
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