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  • Print publication year: 2009
  • Online publication date: October 2009

42 - Research in Acute Pain Management

from SECTION V - Pain Management and Patient Outcomes


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12. Bernstein SL, Chang A, Esses D, Gallagher EJ. Relationship between intensity and relief in patients with acute, severe pain. Acad Emerg Med. 2005;12:158–159.
13. Farrar JT, Portenoy RK, Berlin JA, Kinman JL, Strom BL. Defining the clinically important difference in pain outcome measures. Pain. 2000;88:287–294.
14. Farrar JT, Young JP Jr, LaMoreaux L, Werth JL, Poole RM. Clinical importance of changes in chronic pain intensity measured on an 11-point numerical pain rating scale. Pain. 2002;96:410–411.
15. McQuay HJ, Moore RA. Postoperative analgesia and vomiting, with special reference to day-case surgery: a systematic review. Health Technol Assessment. 1998;2:17–21.
16. Collins SL, Moore A, McQuay HJ. The visual analogue pain intensity scale: what is moderate pain in millimeters? Pain. 1997;72:95–97.
17. Hartrick CT, Kovan JP. Pain assessment following general anesthesia using the Toddler Preschooler Postoperative Pain Scale: a comparative study. J Clin Anesth. 2002;14:411–415.
18. Moore A, Moore O, McQuay H, Gavaghan D. Deriving dichotomous outcome measures from continuous data in randomised controlled trials of analgesics: use of pain intensity and visual analogue scales. Pain. 1997;69:311–315.
19. Gray A, Kehlet H, Bonnet F, Rawal N. Predicting postoperative analgesia outcomes: NNT league tables or procedure-specific evidence? Br J Anaesth. 2005;94:710–714.
20. Silverman DG, O’Connor TZ, Brull SJ. Integrated assessment of pain scores and rescue morphine use during studies of analgesic efficacy. Anesth Analg. 1993;77:168–170.
21. Dworkin RH, Turk DC, Farrar JT, et al. Core outcome measures for chronic pain clinical trials: IMMPACT recommendations. Pain. 2005;113:9–19.
22. Jamison RN, Raymond SA, Slawsby EA, McHugo GJ, Baird JC. Pain assessment in patients with low back pain: comparison of weekly recall and momentary electronic data. J Pain. 2006;7:192–199.
23. Cahana A. Ethical and epistemological problems when applying evidence-based medicine to pain management. Pain Pract. 2005;5:298–302.
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26. Kallai I, Barke A, Voss U. The effects of experimenter characteristics on pain reports in women and men. Pain. 2004;112:142–147.
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28. Hartrick CT. Low back pain: best evidence – best tools. Pain Pract. 2005;5:151–152.
29. Goodman SN. Toward evidence-based medical statistics. 2. The Bayes factor. Ann Intern Med. 1999;130:1005–1013.
30. Amanzio M, Benedetti F. Neuropharmacological dissection of placebo analgesia: expectation-activated opioid systems versus conditioning-activated specific subsystems. J Neurosci. 1999;19:484–494.
31. Moerman, Daniel E. The meaning response: thinking about placebos. Pain Pract. 2006:6:233–236.
32. Farrar JT, Dworkin RH, Max MB. Use of the cumulative proportion of responders analysis graph to present pain data over a range of cut-off points: making clinical trial data more understandable. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2006;31:369–377.