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  • Print publication year: 2014
  • Online publication date: November 2014

26 - Haematemesis and melaena


1. Hearnshaw SA, Logan RF, Lowe D, Travis SP, Murphy MF, Palmer KR. Acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding in the UK: patient characteristics, diagnoses and outcomes in the 2007 UK audit. Gut 2011; 60(10): 1327–1335.
2. Rockall TA, Logan RF, Devlin HB, Northfield TC. Risk assessment after acute upper gastrointestinal haemorrhage. Gut 1996; 38(3)316–321.
3. Stanley A, Ashley D, Dalton H, Mowat C, Gaya D, Thompson E, Warshow U, Groome M, Cahill A, Benson G, Blatchford O, Murray W. Outpatient management of patients with low-risk upper-gastrointestinal haemorrhage: multicentre validation and prospective evaluation. Lancet 2009; 373(9657): 42–47.
4. Forrest JA, Finlayson ND, Shearman DJ. Endoscopy in gastrointestinal bleeding. Lancet 1974; 2(7877): 394–397.

Further reading

Barkun AN, Martel M, Toubouti Y, Rahme E, Bardou M. Endoscopic hemostasis in peptic ulcer bleeding for patients with high-risk lesions: a series of meta-analyses. Gastrointest Endosc 2009; 69(4): 786–799.
Jalan R, Hayes PC. UK guidelines on the management of variceal bleeding in cirrhotic patients. Gut 2000; 46: iii1–iii15.
NICE. Acute Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding: Management. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence CG141, June 2012.
SIGN. Management of Acute Upper and Lower Gastrointestinal Bleeding. Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network, 2008.