Published online by Cambridge University Press: 01 November 2019
This chapter provides an ethical framework to guide decision making about periviable birth.
Viability in professional ethics in obstetrics and gynecology is a function of both fetal physiology and available resuscitation and life-sustaining treatment. Viability is therefore the biological capacity of a live-born infant to survive even if full technological support is needed. This is the concept of viability used by the United States Supreme Court in its landmark ruling, Roe v. Wade, in 1973.