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Chapter 15 - Pesticide resistance management

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  01 September 2010

Edward B. Radcliffe
Affiliation:
University of Minnesota
William D. Hutchison
Affiliation:
University of Minnesota
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Summary

Good pesticide resistance management is just good IPM. Managing pesticide resistance means using the chemistry with enough restraint, and enough understanding of its role in an agroecosystem, to sustain that use. One interpretation is to maximize the number of applications that result in close to 100% control. To achieve this goal means optimizing the trade-off between the selection pressure exerted by use of the chemistry and the control benefits in terms of rapid reduction of pest population density. Too much population reduction too quickly leads quickly to resistance, whereas too much restriction of use denies economically justified control. The hope is that the chosen pattern of use provides many more effective applications than any alternative pattern, ideally an infinite number of effective applications. Models of resistance development, however, typically predict a finite number of effective applications, followed by a rapid increase in resistance gene frequency and rather sudden control failure. Experience in agroecosystems has generally been consistent with model predictions, for example resistance within a few generations to a long list of insecticides in Colorado potato beetle (Leptinotarsa decemlineata) on Long Island (Forgash, 1985; Mota-Sanchez et al., 2006).

Agroecosystems include both people and the land, and their functioning needs to be considered in light of this combination and at large spatial extents and long time-frames. Pesticide resistance management programs that have taken a comprehensive and cooperative approach to maximizing the number of effective applications have been in place for about 20 years.

Type
Chapter
Information
Integrated Pest Management
Concepts, Tactics, Strategies and Case Studies
, pp. 192 - 204
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2008

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