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This study aimed to introduce the technique of tetra-probe, 24-hour pH monitoring for laryngopharyngeal reflux disease.
Tetra-probe, 24-hour pH monitoring was performed for 30 suspected cases of laryngopharyngeal reflux. The proximal probe was placed in the hypopharynx, just above the upper oesophageal sphincter, the second probe was placed in the middle oesophagus, the third probe was placed a few centimetres above the lower oesophageal sphincter, and the distal probe was placed in the stomach.
As the pH at the four sensor sites could be monitored simultaneously, gastric acid levels and gastroesophageal and laryngopharyngeal reflux could be examined. This pH monitoring technique enabled the pH relationship between the four sensor locations to be well documented, enabling gastric acid levels and patterns of reflux to be assessed. This procedure was also able to be used as a functional examination to evaluate anti-reflux medication efficacy.
Tetra-probe, 24-hour pH monitoring is a reliable functional examination for laryngopharyngeal reflux.
This chapter describes both the impact of medical diseases and their treatments on sleep, and how disordered sleep can contribute to medical illnesses. Airway function has a normal circadian variation, with peak airflow in the afternoon and the lowest in the early morning. In people with asthma, this morning trough is associated with worsening of asthma symptoms and sleep disturbance. In individuals with heartburn at least once weekly, three-quarters complain of heartburn affecting their sleep. Polysomnography helps to clarify the nature and severity of the primary sleep disorder and aid in the management of end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Disruption of sleep is common in people with arthritic or muscular pain. Pain, sleep disturbance, and low mood are all believed to contribute to fatigue, a common complaint of those with rheumatic disorders. Circadian sleep/wakefulness is intricately linked to neuroendocrine and neuroimmune functions.
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