In the mixing of a jet with a cross-stream, it is found that in the near field, defined as the region of the flow from the jet exit to a distance of a few diameters downstream of this exit, a considerable amount of dynamical adjustment takes place. This near-field region characterizes the subsequent behaviour and development of the jet, its wake and the cross-stream in the vicinity of this mixing region. The rapid evolution of the flow gives rise to a pair of bound vortices attached to the lee side of the jet boundary, to fast development of the turbulent and mean vorticity, to a vortex-shedding system, and to the largest rates of entrainment of cross-stream flow into the jet. Furthermore, it is found that the geometrical configuration of the boundaries at the jet exit plays an important role in the mixing and development processes.
An intrinsic method is proposed for the delineation of the flow boundaries between the jet and the cross-stream. Calculations of mass, momentum and vorticity fluxes have been made. The vorticity flux gives evidence of the rapid stretching and tilting of the vorticity vector field in the near-field region.