To save content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about saving content to .
To save content items to your Kindle, first ensure firstname.lastname@example.org
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about saving to your Kindle.
Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
Anxiety disorders are the most frequently diagnosed psychiatric conditions in children and adolescents. Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is a well-established and effective treatment for anxiety and related disorders across the lifespan. Expectations of psychotherapy have been demonstrated to affect outcomes, yet there is sparse existing literature on adolescent patient and parent perspectives of CBT prior to engagement with treatment.
This study aimed to qualitatively explore the expectations and perceptions of CBT for anxiety and related disorders among adolescent patients and parents.
Fourteen adolescent patients and 16 parents participated in semi-structured individual interviews or focus groups consisting of 2–3 participants. Interview transcripts were analysed using inductive analysis.
Three themes were identified: worries about CBT, expectations and knowledge of the CBT process, and the role of parents and families. Overall, we found that adolescents and parents had generally positive views of CBT. The outset of CBT saw adolescents and parents express concern about stigma as well as the ambiguity of CBT. Parents continued to express a lack of understanding of what CBT entailed during their child’s treatment course.
These results suggest that both adolescents and parents would benefit from early discussion and reinforcement of expectations for CBT treatment. Further research efforts are warranted and should be directed towards determining appropriate expectations for parental involvement in a child’s CBT course and effective communication of treatment expectations to both adolescents and parents.
OBJECTIVES/GOALS: Computational pathology is an emerging discipline that resides at the intersection of engineering, computer science, and pathology. There is a growing need to develop innovative pedagogical approaches to train future computational pathologists who have diverse educational backgrounds. METHODS/STUDY POPULATION: Our work proposes an iterative approach toward teaching master’s and Ph.D. students from various backgrounds, such as electrical engineering, biomedical engineering, and cell biology the basics of cell-type identification. This approach is grounded in the active learning framework to allow for observation, reflection, and independent application. The learners are trained by a team of an electrical engineer and pathologist and provided with eight images containing a glomerulus. They must then classify nuclei in each of the glomeruli as either a podocyte (blue), endothelial cell (green), or mesangial cell (red). RESULTS/ANTICIPATED RESULTS: A simple web application was built to calculate agreement, measured using Cohen’s kappa, between annotators for both individual glomeruli and across all eight images. Automating the process of providing feedback from an expert renal pathologist to the learner allows for learners to quickly determine where they can improve. After initial training, agreement scores for cells scored by both the learner and the expert were high (0.75), however, when including cells not scored by both the agreement was relatively low (0.45). This indicates that learners needed more instruction on identifying unique cells within each image. This low-stakes approach encourages exploratory and generative learning. DISCUSSION/SIGNIFICANCE: Computation medical sciences require interdisciplinary training methods. We report on a robust approach for team-based mentoring and skill development. Future implementations will include undergraduate learners and provide opportunities for graduate students to engage in near-peer mentoring.
OBJECTIVES/GOALS: Last year, we reported on storytelling events highlighting the experiences of Black biomedical professionals. The goal of this continuation study was to put Black Voices into action through a companion curriculum, instructional materials, and facilitated meaningful discussions around racial justice. METHODS/STUDY POPULATION: We developed instructional materials and pilot-implemented the curriculum in a 250-student Healthcare Leadership class. Prior to viewing the video, participants were asked to provide a definition of diversity, inclusion, and equity. Afterwards, the students reflected and suggested changes to the definition. Throughout the class, instructors facilitated group discussions about the role of diversity. As a culminating activity, students submitted a written reflection summarizing their understanding of the role of diversity, inclusion, and equity in healthcare. RESULTS/ANTICIPATED RESULTS: Instructional materials included videos, a facilitators guide, a reflection worksheet, and online course modules. The facilitators guide included an overview of best practices in the facilitation of group discussions, common rules groups can establish for open dialogue, and discussion questions specific to the Black Voices videos. In-class and lab discussions brought up several prominent metaphors for diversity and inclusion. For example, students first defined diversity as pieces of the puzzle that somehow fit together, but later surmised that the pieces do not need to fit, or be from the same puzzle. DISCUSSION/SIGNIFICANCE: Our pilot showed that participants experienced the power of storytelling, particularly for amplifying Black voices, gained a vehicle to expand awareness and consciousness of diversity, equity, and inclusion, and identified plans to promote and facilitate stories of race, equity, and diversity.
Underrepresentation of Black biomedical researchers demonstrates continued racial inequity and lack of diversity in the field. The Black Voices in Research curriculum was designed to provide effective instructional materials that showcase inclusive excellence, facilitate the dialog about diversity and inclusion in biomedical research, enhance critical thinking and reflection, integrate diverse visions and worldviews, and ignite action. Instructional materials consist of short videos and discussion prompts featuring Black biomedical research faculty and professionals. Pilot evaluation of instructional content showed that individual stories promoted information relevance, increased knowledge, and created behavioral intention to promote diversity and inclusive excellence in biomedical research.
Clinical/translational science (CTS) is team-based, requiring effective collaboration and communication across many disciplines involving a variety of stakeholders. We implemented a pre-doctoral team-based training model with didactic and experiential curricular interventions to support the development of CTS research skills in a cross-disciplinary team environment. We assessed the potential impact of this new training model as a team science intervention that can catalyze new cross-disciplinary collaborations across the institution.
Between 2016 and 2020, 32 pre-doctoral students and 26 co-mentors participated in the assessment of the CTS Team program over a two-year period of TL1 training grant support. Data collection and analyses followed a program logic model and used a variety of metrics for clinical and translational scientist career success.
CTS training in the context of CTS Teams supported improved self-efficacy for clinical research skills and resulted in a significant increase in the frequency of participation in cross-disciplinary collaborative activities by both trainees and mentors. Most CTS Team co-mentor pairs had not previously collaborated. Two-thirds of the co-mentors plan to continue collaborating, and most (85%) currently use or plan to use collaboration tools, for example, written collaboration plans, authorship agreements.
The CTS Team training model provides a unique clinical and translational science team training experience that embeds authentic cross-disciplinary research collaboration into PhD research projects. It establishes trainee cohorts that are diverse in terms of scientific disciplines and translational research phases, and creates a new cross-disciplinary community of practice across faculty members and research groups in multiple colleges.
Research collaboration is an essential research skill that promotes diversity and inclusion in research and requires comprehensive curriculum and instructional methods to provide early-stage trainees with low-risk, scaffolded experiences of collaborative research practice. Strategic Team Science is an instructional method that introduces biomedical science trainees to an inclusive way of thinking, capitalizes on the diversity of individual capabilities, and provides scaffolded experience of cross-disciplinary collaboration. Pilot results show that guided dialogues around Strategic Team Science increase research self-efficacy and interdisciplinary research orientation. Scaffolded collaboration dialogues allow students from diverse disciplines to engage actively and share ideas equitably.
OBJECTIVES/GOALS: The goal of this project was to develop and evaluate a pilot mentor training program for clinical research professionals. This project presents an evidence- and theory-based mentoring program that has been developed, implemented, and evaluated for this group of translational research professions. METHODS/STUDY POPULATION: The curriculum for the program was designed for aspiring mentors and aligned with the topics of existing Entering Mentoring curriculum for translational workforce (Pfund, Branchaw & Handelsman, 2015). Eleven experienced CRPs participated in the pilot training program. The training was delivered in two-hour meetings over eight weeks. Qualitative e-mail interviews and a validated mentoring competency assessment (Fleming et al., 2013) and mentor role assessment (Dilmore, 2010) tool were used for process and outcome evaluation. Cases studies specific to the CRPs work environment were developed and used to facilitate discussions throughout the training. RESULTS/ANTICIPATED RESULTS: Pre- and post-training scores for mentoring competency assessment were compared across six sub-indexes. Paired t-tests showed a significant difference for the maintaining effective communication competency, p = 0.0202. Comparisons of individual items also showed positive changes in the promoting professional development competency, p = 0.0161). Qualitative assessment revealed that most mentor trainees recognized a distinction between a mentor and a supervisor or on-the-job-trainer. Furthermore, most have been informal mentors without a formal role assignment, the need for ongoing mentoring, and potential of mentoring networks. DISCUSSION/SIGNIFICANCE OF IMPACT: CRPs is a diverse group of research support professionals who may hold the roles of research study coordinators, research nurses, regulatory and compliance specialists. Tailored mentoring can provide essential infrastructure for ongoing professional development and support talent retention.
Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this to your organisation's collection.