To save content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about saving content to .
To save content items to your Kindle, first ensure email@example.com
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about saving to your Kindle.
Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
To determine the susceptibilities of Candida species isolated from Taiwan to amphotericin B and fluconazole.
Prospective surveillance study.
Each hospital was asked to submit up to 10 C. albicans and 40 non-albicans Candida species during the collection period, from April 15 to June 15, 1999. One isolate was accepted from each episode of infection. The broth microdilution method was used to determine susceptibilities to amphotericin B and fluconazole.
Only 3 of 632 isolates, one each of C. famata, C. krusei, and C. tropicalis, were resistant to amphotericin B. A total of 53 (8.4%) of 632 clinical yeast isolates, consisting of 4% C. albicans, 8% C. glabrata, 15% C. tropicalis, and 70% C. krusei, were resistant to fluconazole. In contrast, no C. parapsilosis isolate was resistant to fluconazole. Isolates from tertiary-care medical centers had higher rates of resistance to fluconazole than did those from regional and local hospitals (11.4% vs 6.6%). Isolates from different sources showed different levels of susceptibility to fluconazole. All of the isolates with the exception of C. tropicalis and C. krusei isolated from blood were susceptible to fluconazole. A pattern of co-resistance to both amphotericin B and fluconazole was observed.
Non-albicans Candida species had higher rates of resistance to fluconazole than did C. albicans (44 of 395 [11.2%] vs 9 of 237 [3.8%]; P = .002). The increasing rate of fluconazole resistance in C. tropicalis (15%) is important because C. tropicalis is one of the most commonly isolated non-albicans Candida species.
There have been many reports on the low temperature crystallization of amorphous silicon films by introducing a trace amount of metal impurity for low temperature poly-Si TFTs applications. MIC (Metal Induced Crystallization) uses various metals, to lower crystallization temperature. In this study, a new crystallization method called FALC (Field Aided Lateral Crystallization) in which an electric field is applied during the crystallization was explored. Among possible alloying elements with Si, Ni and Al were selected to compare the effects of these impurities on the FALC.
A trace of Ni lowered the crystallization temperature of a-Si down to 5001C and induced lateral crystal growth along the electric field into the metal free region. But Al exhibited no such effect. A new crystallization method, FALC, showed considerably enhanced speed of lateral crystallization and a strong preferred orientation in crystallized Si-films.
Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this to your organisation's collection.