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The development of GaN-on-diamond devices offers bright prospects for the creation of high-power density electronics. This article presents a process of fabricating GaN-on-diamond structure by depositing diamond films on dual sides, including heat dissipation diamond film and sacrificial carrier diamond film. Prior to heat dissipation diamond film layer preparation, aluminum nitride (AlN) is chosen as a dielectric layer and pretreated by nanodiamond (ND) particles, to enhance the nucleation density. Zeta potential measurements and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy are used to analyze the AlN surface after each treatment. The results show that oxygen-terminated ND particles tend to adhere to an AlN surface because the oxygen-terminated NDs have –COOH and –OH groups, and hold a negative potential. On the contrary, fluorine-terminated AlN prefers to attract the hydrogen-terminated ND seeds, which resulted in higher diamond nucleation density. Based on this preliminary study, a dense high-quality GaN-on-diamond wafer is successfully produced by using AlN as the dielectric layer and a diamond film as the sacrificial carrier.
FOXJ1 is a member of the Forkhead/winged-helix (Fox) family of transcription factors, which is required for the differentiation of the cells acting as adult neural stem cells which participate in neurogenesis and give rise to neurons, astrocytes, oligodendrocytes. The expression pattern of FOXJ1 in the brain after cerebral ischemia has so far not been described. In the current study, we investigated the expression pattern of FOXJ1 in the rat brain after cerebral ischemia by animal model.
We performed a middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) model in adult rats and investigated the expression of FOXJ1 in the brain by Western blotting and immunochemistry; double immunofluorescence staining was used to analyze FOXJ1's co-expression with Ki67.
Western blot analysis showed that the expression of FOXJ1 was lower than normal and sham-operated brain after cerebral ischemia, but the level of FOXJ1 gradually increased from Day 1 to Day 14. Immuohistochemical staining suggested that the immunostaining of FOXJ1 deposited strongly in the ipsilateral and contralateral hemisphere in the cortical penumbra (CP). There was no FOXJ1 expression in the ischemic core (IC). The positive cells in the cortical penumbra might migrat to the ischemic core. In addition, double immunofluorescence staining revealed that FOXJ1 was co-expressed with mAP-2 and gFAP, and Ki67 had the colocalization with NeuN, GFAP, and FOXJ1.
All our findings suggest that FOXJ1 plays an important role on neuronal production and neurogenesis in the adult brain after cerebral ischemia.
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