This paper presents experimental studies in which N-atoms have been incorporated at Si-SiO2 interfaces by forming the interface and oxide film by a 300°C remote plasma assisted nitridation/oxidation process using N2O. Process dynamics have been studied by on-line Auger electron spectroscopy (AES) by interrupted plasma processing. Plasma-activated species have been identified by in-situ mass spectrometry (MS) and optical emission spectroscopy (OES). Based on AES studies using N2O, O2 and sequenced N2O and O2 source gases, reaction pathways for N-atom incorporation i) at and/or ii) removal from buried Si-SiO2 interfaces have been identified, and contrasted with reaction pathways for nitridation using conventional furnace processing. The active species for N-atom incorporation is NO+, and for oxide growth, O2.