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We have demonstrated and studied polymeric solid-state dye lasers (SSDLs) fabricated by three-dimensional (3D) polystyrene colloidal crystals and tert-butyl roadamine B (t-Bu RhB) doped Poly (methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) films with different film thickness. The sandwich-typed resonator cavities with different active layer thickness display single-mode lasing oscillations in the reflection bandgap of the colloidal crystals. The lasing thresholds could be optimized by changing the thickness of t-Bu RhB doped PMMA films, which is as low as 7.43 W/cm2. Adjusting active layer thickness would provide an opportunity to accelerate the development of fabricating polymeric SSDLs with low threshold.
We prepared a photo-polymerizable compound of Au nanorods and methyl methacrylate (MMA). An irradiation of ultraviolet (UV) light onto the compound induces photo-polymerization of MMA, resulting in a formation of an Au nanorods/PMMA composite. Au nanorods were synthesized by seed-mediated growth method in aqueous solution. Hydrophobically functionalized Au nanorods were dispersed into MMA with a small amount of photosensitizer and initiator. We investigated the stability and the uniformity of the dispersion of Au nanorods during the photo-polymerization process through VIS-NIR absorption spectroscopy. We also demonstrated the use of the compound for two-photon micro/nanolithography.
A simple strategy for generating and distributing metallic nanoparticles in polymer matrix with a spatial control in micrometer/nanometer scale has been proposed and successfully demonstrated by combination of two-photon photoreduction and femtosecond laser interference technique. The simultaneous spatially controlling generation and organization of metallic nanopartciles were controllable by designing interference patterns and varying laser intensity and exposure time. This strategy provides a simple and rapid approach for creating templates with designed spatial distribution of the nanoparticles, which is favorable for current microelectronics technology. This method also can be utilized in developing mass production processes for future nanodevices.
A series of novel ionic chromophores consisting of a carbazole moiety and pyridinium rings connected by a double bond have been designed and synthesized as nonlinear optical materials. Their linear and nonlinear optical properties were investigated by semiempirical calculation and experiment. The absorption maximum wavelengths (lmax) of these ionic chromophores showed shifting to longer wavelength region than their corresponding electrically neutral compounds. These ionic chromophores possess large first hyperpolarizabilities (b).
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