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Polyamide 66 (PA66) nanotubes with an array structure were prepared by infiltrating a solution of normal molecular weight PA66 into anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) templates with a pore diameter of 200 nm. The results of field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) demonstrate that PA66 nanotubes with a wall thickness of about 60 nm can be fabricated by a solution-wetting method and PA66 nanotubes and nanowires can be obtained by a melt-wetting method at different temperature. We also find that PA66 nanotubes have the “super plasticity” for the crystalline belts in their wall may arrange by spiraling and rounding style. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) indicates the nanotubes have a better thermal stability than bulk polymer PA66. The mechanism of forming polymer nanotubes by polymer melt-wetting method has been proposed.
The stable mechanical property polystyrene (PS) nanotubes with array structure were first prepared by filtrating a solution or melt of normal molecular weight PS (Mn ≈ 180,000) into anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) template with only 200-nm pores. The results of transmission electron microscopy and scanning electron microscopy illuminated that PS tubules were successfully obtained and the wall thickness of PS tubules prepared by the 2.5 wt%, 5.0 wt%, and 10.0 wt% PS solution were respectively 50 nm, 70 nm, and 80 nm. The structure of polymer nanotubes depends strongly on the concentration of PS solution. It was found that the wall of the nanotubes derived from melt is thicker than that of the nanotubes from solution. When the polymer solution wets AAO template, a thin polymer film will be formed on the inner porous wall. The thin film/AAO composite membrane acts as a “second-order” template and is soaked repeatedly. So PS solution wets the template and forms nanotubes according to the multi-time wetting mechanism.
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