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This concluding chapter provides a forward look at cross-cultural work-family research through the lens of answering the basic questions of who, what, when, where, why, and how. We discuss the importance of who researchers are studying and to what extent our knowledge is generalizable. Issues surrounding what researchers are actually studying and the unique importance of this seemingly simple issue in cross-cultural settings are described as well. The notion of time, and its accompanying dynamics are offered as complex opportunities to better understand the context of when research is conducted as well as temporal issues throughout the lifespan. We encourage future research to continue to intentionally select countries and contexts where research is conducted, while also filling in important regional gaps identified throughout the world. Lastly, we call on researchers to reimagine how they conduct these important endeavors and encourage the use of novel methods and strategies.
As research at the intersection of work and family continues to grow, a unique and important trend in global, cross-cultural, and international inquiry has blossomed. This chapter describes the structure and content of the current volume, consisting of over 40 chapters divided into eight sections, focused on a vast array of global work and family topics.
The Cambridge Handbook of the Global Work-Family Interface is a response to growing interest in understanding how people manage their work and family lives across the globe. Given global and regional differences in cultural values, economies, and policies and practices, research on work-family management is not always easily transportable to different contexts. Researchers have begun to acknowledge this, conducting research in various national settings, but the literature lacks a comprehensive source that aims to synthesize the state of knowledge, theoretical progression, and identification of the most compelling future research ideas within field. The Cambridge Handbook of the Global Work-Family Interface aims to fill this gap by providing a single source where readers can find not only information about the general state of global work-family research, but also comprehensive reviews of region-specific research. It will be of value to researchers, graduate students, and practitioners of applied and organizational psychology, management, and family studies.
Past research purporting to study employee resilience suffers from a lack of conceptual clarity about both the resilience construct and the methodological designs that examine resilience without ensuring the occurrence of significant adversity. The overall goal of this article is to address our contemporary understanding of employee resilience and identify pathways for the future advancement of resilience research in the workplace. We first address conceptual definitions of resilience both inside and outside of industrial and organizational psychology and make the case that researchers have generally failed to document the experience of significant adversity when studying resilience in working populations. Next, we discuss methods used to examine resilience, with an emphasis on distinguishing the capacity for resilience and the demonstration of resilience. Representative research is then reviewed by examining self-reports of resilience or resilience-related traits along with research on resilient and nonresilient trajectories following significant adversity. We then briefly address the issues involved in selecting resilient employees and building resilience in employees. The article concludes with recommendations for future research studying resilience in the workplace, including documenting significant adversity among employees, assessing multiple outcomes, using longitudinal designs with theoretically supported time lags, broadening the study of resilience to people in occupations outside the military who may face significant adversity, and addressing the potential dark side of an emphasis on resilience.