To send content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about sending content to .
To send content items to your Kindle, first ensure email@example.com
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about sending to your Kindle.
Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
Focusing on David Clement Scott, the head of the Church of Scotland mission in Malawi, who came to see Europeans as learners in Africa, this innovative book narrates the rise and demise of a unique vision for racial equality in nineteenth-century Africa. By immersing himself in the vernacular language and institutions, Scott developed a theology of reversals to pursue justice in race relations. It set him on a collision course with the Church, colonial government and the White commercial interests spearheaded by Cecil Rhodes. Harri Englund shows how Scott's struggle for justice was as much epistemic as political and spiritual - a vision for the future in which White and Black would thrive in their mutual recognition as co-knowers. From linguistic translation to conflicts over land and taxation, from slave trade to personal intimacies, Visions for Racial Equality weaves a rich tapestry of themes in the life and times of a little-known visionary.
Orthopaedic Examination Techniques comprehensively covers the basic examination skills and key special tests needed to evaluate the adult and paediatric musculoskeletal system. Chapters are presented in a clear and logical way to allow readers to understand then master the techniques of orthopaedic clinical examination. Written by a diverse group of chapter authors with extensive experience in teaching clinical examination and who use a uniform system that is taught on national courses, every aspect of musculoskeletal examination is covered in the adult and paediatric patient. Numerous illustrations and new clinical photographs help readers to visualise and understand the key techniques, and five new chapters at the end of the book demonstrate the value of clinical examination through more than 80 clinical case examples. Easy-to-follow throughout, this book is invaluable reading for trainee orthopaedic surgeons, especially those preparing for the FRCS (Tr&Orth) postgraduate examination, practising orthopaedic surgeons, medical students, physiotherapists, and rheumatologists.
English society in the eighteenth century was allegedly marked by a 'gambling mania', such was the prevalence and intensity of different forms of 'gaming'. Gambling in Britain in the Long Eighteenth Century subjects this notion to systematic scrutiny, exploring the growth and prevalence of different forms of gambling across Britain and throughout British society in this period, as well as attitudes towards it. Drawing on a vast range of new, empirical evidence, Bob Harris seeks to understand gambling, its growth, and significance within the context of wider trends and impulses in society. This book asks what light gambling practices and habits shed back onto society and the values, hopes, and expectations that informed the lives of those involved. This is a book, therefore, as much about the character of British society in the long eighteenth century as it is about gambling itself.
Political disagreement is a fact of life. It can prompt people to stand for public office and agitate for political change. Others take a different route; they start their own nation. Micronations and the Search for Sovereignty is the first comprehensive examination of the phenomenon of people purporting to secede and create their own country. It analyses why micronations are not states for the purposes of international law, considers the factors that motivate individuals to separate and found their own nation, examines the legal justifications that they offer and explores the responses of recognised sovereign states. In doing so, this book develops a rich body of material through which to reflect on conventional understandings of statehood, sovereignty and legitimate authority. Authored in a lively and accessible style, Micronations and the Search for Sovereignty will be valuable reading for scholars and general audiences.
Cosmochemistry is a rapidly evolving field of planetary science and the second edition of this classic text reflects the exciting discoveries made over the past decade from new spacecraft missions. Topics covered include the synthesis of elements in stars, behaviour of elements and isotopes in the early solar nebula and planetary bodies, and compositions of extra-terrestrial materials. Radioisotope chronology of the early Solar System is also discussed, as well as geochemical exploration of planets by spacecraft, and cosmochemical constraints on the formation of solar systems. Thoroughly updated throughout, this new edition features significantly expanded coverage of chemical fractionation and isotopic analyses; focus boxes covering basic definitions and essential background material on mineralogy, organic chemistry and quantitative topics; and a comprehensive glossary. An appendix of analytical techniques and end-of-chapter review questions, with solutions available at www.cambridge.org/cosmochemistry2e, also contribute to making this the ideal teaching resource for courses on the Solar System's composition as well as a valuable reference for early career researchers.
In Section 3.2, I focus on the development of semantics, which began as a collection of methodological tools for applying formal languages to philosophical problems. In Section 3.3, I trace the origins of contemporary debates about the nature of propositional content. In Section 3.4, I give a brief history of philosophical work on speech acts and pragmatics, emphasizing the origins of current debates in conflicting threads of Wittgenstein’s writing.
A 40-year-old female, gravida 1, para 1, presents to the office with complaints of heavier, longer menstrual cycles and intermenstrual spotting. Her cycles were previously every 28 days, lasting 4 days, and using 3–4 pads per day. Now, her cycles are lasting 9–10 days, and she is soaking 8–9 pads on her heaviest day. She has spotting 2–3 days every week. She reports mild cramping but denies urinary or bowel complaints, dizziness, or weakness. She has had one prior normal pregnancy with spontaneous vaginal delivery, and she has been trying unsuccessfully to conceive for the past year. She has no significant past medical or surgical history, she is taking only prenatal vitamins, and she has no known drug allergies.
“Religious Musings” is Coleridge's earliest in-depth poetic exploration of religion, politics, philosophy, and metaphysical enquiry. The explicitly Christian context of the poem is established from the outset in the Miltonic argument, the opening descriptions of Jesus Christ and the original subtitle, which claims that the poem was “written on Christmas’ Eve, in the Year of our Lord, 1794.” The poem was actually completed in haste for publication in Poems on Various Subjects (1796), consequently substantial revisions were made for Poems (1797) and this version is generally accepted as the preferred text. It is an overtly Christian poem and yet, as Kathleen Coburn notes, Coleridge “poured into it his reading and enthusiasms, making the text and notes a repository of his beliefs and cherished opinions.”
Despite the deliberate and definitive Christian overtones, the poem's description of divine transcendence seems to be heavily reliant on a multitude of sources and, whilst many of them are identified by Coleridge in the poem's notes and occasionally its content, this process is self-conscious and selective. Coleridge often uses the notes to pre-empt possible critics with an insistent attribution of unorthodox and potentially controversial religious and philosophical content to reputable and respectable sources. However, Coleridge's reading of ancient philosophy and religion also influenced his presentation of the process of transcendence in “Religious Musings,” and in order to fully understand the poem his unacknowledged sources must be examined; texts that he was ashamed to cite publicly but that privately fascinated him, and inevitably contributed to his religious and philosophical musings in the mid-1790s.
In a letter to John Thelwall in 1796, Coleridge expressed particular enthusiasm for “all out of the way books, whether of the monkish times, or of the puritanical aera” and identifies “Metaphysics, & Poetry, & ‘Facts of mind’— (i.e., Accounts of all the strange phantasms that ever possessed your philosophy-dreamers from Tauth [Thoth], the Egyptian to Taylor, the English Pagan,)” as his “darling Studies.”
This chapter focuses on current psychological approaches to drug and alcohol dependence, most notably learning theory and cognitive behavioural approaches. The role of motivation and readiness to change is discussed in some depth, due to its central place in initiating change, although it may be less important in sustaining change. The role of mental health factors both in instigating and sustaining addiction are explored and the question of how to tackle such comorbidity is discussed. Neuropsychological impediments most commonly evident in alcohol addiction are often either entirely neglected or mentioned only in passing when discussing psychological approaches. This is an important omission as the impact of mild-moderate impediments of executive functioning and memory clearly affect both initial learning, retention, recall and judgement. These areas are of crucial importance in terms of establishing self-regulation and monitoring and in terms of remembering to enact change. The critical role of relapse prevention in sustaining long-term change are then explored, before the chapter closes with some key pointers for those working in the field.
Two damaged and partially restored Roman portraits in the collection of the British Museum, previously identified as either the emperor Caligula or an unknown “Julio-Claudian prince,” are here reassessed and identified as Agrippa Postumus, the youngest grandson and adopted heir of Augustus. The first portrait, from southern Britain, may have come from a temple dedicated to the worship of the Julio-Claudian house, while the second was probably part of an equestrian group standing outside the Aedes Castoris in Rome. This is a significant reinterpretation, providing potential evidence not only for links between Rome's first family and the rulers of a distant client kingdom, but also for the framing of imperial power and the uncertain nature of the Augustan succession in the early years of the 1st c. CE.
There has been a notable increase in requests for psychiatric reports from District Courts for persons remanded to Ireland’s main remand prison, Cloverhill. We aimed to identify if reports were prepared for persons with severe mental illness and if they led to therapeutic benefits such as diversion to healthcare. Measures of equitability between Cloverhill and other District Courts were explored.
For District Court-requested reports completed by the Prison Inreach and Court Liaison Service (PICLS) at Cloverhill Prison from 2015 to 2017, we recorded clinical variables and therapeutic outcomes such as diversion to inpatient psychiatric settings.
Of 236 cases, over half were diverted to inpatient or outpatient psychiatric care. One-third of remand episodes were admitted to a psychiatric hospital, mainly in non-forensic settings. Nearly two-thirds had major mental illness, mainly schizophrenia and related conditions. Almost half had active psychosis. Cases in Cloverhill District Court and other District Courts were similarly likely to have active psychosis (47% overall) and hospital admission (33% overall). Voluntary reports were more likely to identify active psychosis, with over 90% diverted to inpatient or outpatient community treatment settings.
This is the first large scale study of diversion outcomes following requests for psychiatric advice from District Courts in Ireland. Requests were mainly appropriate. Over half led to diversion from the criminal justice system to healthcare settings. There is a need for a complementary network of diversion initiatives at every stage of the criminal justice system to effectively divert mentally ill individuals to appropriate settings at the earliest possible stage.
Crop revenue insurance is unique, because it involves a guarantee subsuming yield risk and highly systematic price risk. This study examines whether crop insurers could use options instead of, or in addition to, assigning policies to the Commercial Funds of the USDA Federal Crop Insurance Corporation (FCIC) as per the Standard Reinsurance Agreement (SRA) to hedge the price risk of revenue insurance policies. The behavioral model examines the optimal hedge ratio for a crop insurer with a book of business consisting of corn Revenue Protection (RP) policies. Results show that a mix of put and call options can hedge the price risk of the RP policies. The higher optimal hedge ratios of call options as compared to put options imply that the risk of increased liability due to upside price risk can be hedged using options better than downside price risk. This study also analyzed the combination of options with the SRA at 35, 50, and 75% retention levels. The zero optimal hedge ratios at each retention level and the negative correlation between RP indemnities and the option returns when the crop insurer mixed options and SRA suggest that the purchasing of options provides no additional risk protection to crop insurers beyond what is provided by the SRA despite retention limits.