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Hot deformation behavior and microstructure evolution of as-cast Mn18Cr18N austenitic stainless steel were investigated by isothermal compression experiments. The results indicate that the microstructure evolution of the as-cast Mn18Cr18N steel is sensitive to strain rates. Discontinuous dynamic recrystallization, characterized by nucleation and growth controlled by grain boundary migration, occurs at lower strain rates. However, higher strain rates result in higher adiabatic temperature rise, which could be contributed to dynamic recrystallization (DRX) nucleation and growth by acceleration boundary migration. In addition, at higher strain rates, a large number of deformation microbands in the interior of coarse columnar grains were observed, which would provide potential nucleation sites for DRX. Meanwhile, a great number of Σ3 twins were observed, which reveals that twinning accelerates the separation of subgrains from bulging grain boundaries, and the iterative processing among Σ3 twins and its variants promotes the transformation from specific CSL grain boundaries to random high-angle boundaries.
Complex nanoscale architectures based on gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) can result in spatially-resolved plasmonics. Herein, we demonstrate the growth of silicon nanowires (SiNWs), heterostructures of SiNWs decorated with AuNPs, and SiNWs decorated with graphene shells encapsulated gold nanoparticles (GNPs). The fabrication approach combined CVD growth of nanowires and graphene with direct nucleation of AuNPs. The plasmonic or optical properties of SiNWs and their complex heterostructures were simulated using discrete dipole approximation method. Extinction efficiency spectra peak for SiNW significantly red-shifted (from 512 nm to 597 nm or 674 nm) after decoration with AuNPs, irrespective of the incident wave vector. Finally, SiNW decorated with GNPs resulted in incident wave vector-dependent extinction efficiency peak. For this case, wave vector aligned with the nanowire axial direction showed a broad peak at ∼535 nm. However, significant scattering and no peak was observed when aligned in radial direction of the SiNWs. Such spatially-resolved and tunable plasmonic or optical properties of nanoscale heterostructures hold strong potential for optical sensor and devices.
The structure and properties of HfO2 films deposited by plasma assisted reactive pulsed laser deposition and annealed in N2 were studied upon thermal annealing as well as the evaluation of thermal stability by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, spectroscopic ellipsometry, and optical transmission measurements. The as-deposited HfO2 films appear predominantly monoclinic with an amorphous matrix which becomes crystallized after high-temperature annealing. No interfacial SiOx is observed for the as-deposited films on Si. The deposited HfO2 films exhibit good thermal stability and show excellent transparency in a wide spectral range with optical band gap energies of 5.65–5.73 eV depending on annealing temperature. An improvement in the optical properties by high-temperature annealing is also observed.
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