Background: Well-designed infection prevention programs include basic elements aimed at reducing the risk of transmission of infectious agents in healthcare settings. Although most acute-care facilities have robust infection prevention programs, data are sporadic and often lacking in other healthcare settings. Infection control assessment tools were developed by the CDC to assist health departments in assessing infection prevention preparedness across a wide spectrum of health care including acute care, long-term care, outpatient care, and hemodialysis. Methods: The North Carolina Division of Public Health collaborated with the North Carolina Statewide Program for Infection Control and Epidemiology (SPICE) to conduct a targeted number of on-site assessments for each healthcare setting. Three experienced infection preventionists recruited facilities, conducted on-site assessments, provided detailed assessment findings, and developed educational resources. Results: The goal of 250 assessments was exceeded, with 277 on-site assessments completed across 75% of North Carolina counties (Table 1). Compliance with key observations varied by domain and type of care setting (Table 2). Conclusions: Comprehensive on-site assessments of infection prevention programs are an effective way to identify gaps or breaches in infection prevention practices. Gaps identified in acute care primarily related to competency validation: however, gaps presenting a threat to patient safety (ie, reuse of single dose vials, noncompliance with sterilization and/or high-level disinfection processes) were identified in other care settings. Infection control assessment and response findings underscore the need for ongoing assessment, education, and collaboration among all healthcare settings.