To save content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about saving content to .
To save content items to your Kindle, first ensure firstname.lastname@example.org
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about saving to your Kindle.
Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
Training based on the Mental Health Gap Action Programme (mhGAP) is being increasingly adopted by countries to enhance non-specialists’ mental health capacities. However, the influence of these enhanced capacities on referral rates to specialised mental health services remains unknown.
We rely on findings from a longitudinal pilot trial to assess the influence of mental health knowledge, attitudes and self-efficacy on self-reported referrals from primary to specialised mental health services before, immediately after and 18 months after primary care physicians (PCPs) participated in an mhGAP-based training in the Greater Tunis area of Tunisia.
Participants included PCPs who completed questionnaires before (n = 112), immediately after (n = 88) and 18 months after (n = 59) training. Multivariable analyses with linear mixed models accounting for the correlation among participants were performed with the SAS version 9.4 PROC MIXED procedure. The significance level was α < 0.05.
Data show a significant interaction between time and mental health attitudes on referrals to specialised mental health services per week. Higher scores on the attitude scale were associated with more referrals to specialised services before and 18 months after training, compared with immediately after training.
Findings indicate that, in parallel to mental health training, considering structural/organisational supports to bring about a sustainable change in the influence of PCPs’ mental health attitudes on referrals is important. Our results will inform the scale-up of an initiative to further integrate mental health into primary care settings across Tunisia, and potentially other countries with similar profiles interested in further developing task-sharing initiatives.
In order to make mental health services more accessible, the Tunisian Ministry of Health, in collaboration with the School of Public Health at the University of Montreal, the World Health Organization office in Tunisia and the Montreal World Health Organization-Pan American Health Organization Collaborating Center for Research and Training in Mental Health, implemented a training programme based on the Mental Health Gap Action Programme (mhGAP) Intervention Guide (IG) (version 1.0), developed by the World Health Organization. This article describes the phase prior to the implementation of the training, which was offered to general practitioners working in primary care settings in the Greater Tunis area of Tunisia.
The phase prior to implementation consisted of adapting the standard mhGAP-IG (version 1.0) to the local primary healthcare context. This adaptation process, an essential step before piloting the training, involved discussions with stakeholder groups, as well as field observations.
Through the adaptation process, we were able to make changes to the standard training format and material. In addition, the process helped uncover systemic barriers to effective mental health care.
Targeting these barriers in addition to implementing a training programme may help reduce the mental health treatment gap, and promote implementation that is successful and sustainable.
Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this to your organisation's collection.