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Results in some directions of the target technology for research on high energy density and laser fusion at the Russian Federal Nuclear Centre–All-Russia Research Institute of Experimental Physics for the last three years are presented. The results of development of optical and X-ray methods of characterization and manufacturing techniques of targets for studying the equation-of-state at high pressures and the condensed rare gas targets for the influence of pulse-repeated laser irradiation are given.
The experiments to study the indirect drive targets'
dynamics in a highly symmetrical X-radiation field were
performed on the ISKRA-5 facility. This paper covered the
results of experiments with the targets in the form of
a Cu spherical hohlraum, the internal surface of which
is coated with Au, with six holes for laser radiation input.
In the center of the aforementioned hohlraum, a glass capsule
filled with D–T gas was placed. In several experiments,
the central capsule was coated with an ablator made of
plastic with a different thickness. This allowed us to
perform a series of experiments in which the different
compression degree of D–T fuel was achieved. The
analyses of experimental results revealed good agreement
between the latter and the spherically symmetrical hydrodynamic
Two shells with the diameter of 0.8–0.9 mm
and a wall thickness of ≅1 μm were produced at
the Lebedev Physics Institute for the experiments conducted
at the ISKRA-5 facility. The results of two experiments
with the aforementioned shells conducted at the ISKRA-5
facility with the use of an indirect-drive set up. In one
of the experiments, the diameter of the golden hohlraum
was D = 2 mm while in the other it was D =
4 mm. In these experiments it was observed to be ≅4
times the difference of the average laser intensity on the
hohlraum surface. The results of computational analysis of the
experiments are also presented here.
The experiments measuring the density of DT mixture
compressed in indirect drive targets (X-ray targets) were
conducted on the ISKRA-5 facility. The density was determined
from the line broadening of H- and He-like Ar doped in
DT-gas as a diagnostic substance. A series of three experiments
with the X-ray targets having different shell thickness
of capsule filled with DT + Ar mixture were carried out.
In two of the three experiments, radiation spectra of Ar
were recorded and the density of compressed gas was determined.
The analysis of the experimental results for the X-ray
target with a 280-μm diameter and a 7 μm wall thickness
revealed that the density of the compressed gas may be
estimated as ∼1 g/cm3.
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