To save content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about saving content to .
To save content items to your Kindle, first ensure email@example.com
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about saving to your Kindle.
Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
In order to achieve waste heat recovery using thermoelectric systems, thermoelectric materials showing high conversion efficiency over wide temperature range and high resistance against oxidation are indispensable. A silicide material with good n-type thermoelectric properties and oxidation resistance has been discovered. The composition and crystal structure of the silicide are found out Mn3Si4Al2 (abbreviated as 342 phase) and hexagonal CrSi2 structure, respectively. Element substitution of Mn with 3d transition metals is succeeded. Enhancement of Seebeck coefficient is observed in a Cr-substituted sample. The maximum dimensionless thermoelectric figure of merit ZT is 0.3 at 573 K in air for the Mn2.7Cr0.3Si4Al2 sample. Electrical resistivity of the Mn3Si4Al2 bulk sample holds constant value for 48 h at 873 K in air. This is due to formation of oxide passive layer on the surface of the bulk sample. The 342 phase is a promising n-type material with a good oxidation resistance in the middle temperature range of 500-800 K.
We studied the effects of the sintering temperature and applied pressure on Nd–Fe–B bulk nanocomposite magnets produced by the spark plasma sintering (SPS) method. Amorphous Nd4Fe77.5B18.5 melt-spun ribbons were successfully consolidated into bulk form by the SPS method. When sintered at 873 K under applied pressures between 30 and 70 MPa, the bulk materials consisted of nanocomposite materials with a soft magnetic Fe3B phase and hard magnetic Nd2Fe14B phase. The density and magnetic properties of the bulk materials sintered at 873 K were strongly dependent on the applied pressure during sintering. Bulk Nd4Fe77.5B18.5 nanocomposite magnets sintered at 873 K under an applied pressure of 70 MPa showed a high remanence of 9.3 kG with a high coercivity of 2.5 kOe.
Composite dielectric ceramics of BaTiO3/SrTiO3 were prepared using the spark plasma sintering (SPS) method. Relatively dense (>92% of the theoretical x-ray density) composite ceramics were obtained for a relatively short sintering time (∼3 min). Such a short sintering time was advantageous in suppressing the formation of a complete solid solution (Ba, Sr)TiO3. Fixed-frequency (100 kHz), room-temperature permittivity measurements of the BaTiO3/SrTiO3 = 9/1 composites showed a flat temperature dependence within the range 30–110 °C. X-ray diffractometry measurements showed that the current SPS-BaTiO3/SrTiO3 composites consisted of BaTiO3 and small amounts of (Ba1−xSrx)TiO3 with various x values having different phase transition temperatures. Such multicomponent microstructures would be responsible for the flat temperature dependence of permittivity.
Dense BaTiO3 ceramics consisting of fine grains were prepared using fine powder (average grain size of 0.06 μm; BT006) as a starting material and the spark plasma sintering (SPS) method. The powder was densified to >95% of theoretical x-ray density by the SPS process, and the average grain size of the resulting ceramics was <0.5 μm; the particle size of the initial powder significantly affects the grain size of the resulting SPS pellets. Fixed-frequency (100 kHz), room-temperature permittivity measurements of the BT006-SPS ceramics showed relatively low values (3000–3500) compared with those (typically 5000) for SPS ceramics consisting of larger grains (approximately 1 μm). Lower permittivity was attributed to poor development of ferroelectric domains in the ceramics, which originated from incomplete development of the tetragonal structure as well as the presence of a local orthorhombic structure.
Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this to your organisation's collection.