To save content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about saving content to .
To save content items to your Kindle, first ensure firstname.lastname@example.org
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about saving to your Kindle.
Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
Schizophrenia is frequently complicated by depressive or negative symptoms that respond only moderately to treatment with antipsychotic drugs. Reboxetine is a novel antidepressant, which inhibits the reuptake of norepinephrine. We sought to study the efficacy and tolerability of the adjunctive use of reboxetine in a cohort of schizophrenic patients with prominent depressive or negative symptoms.
Sixteen schizophrenic inpatients were recruited for this study. All subjects received 4–8 mg of reboxetine/day while the antipsychotic medication (typical antipsychotics = 4; atypical antipsychotics = 12) was continued. All subjects underwent a standardized assessment including PANSS, CGI, HAMD, and CDSS before and after treatment with reboxetine (mean 26 ± 17 d).
All subjects tolerated treatment with reboxetine. Adverse effects were mild and did not require discontinuation of reboxetine. All clinical scores (PANSS 93.1 vs. 63.1; CGI 5.4 vs. 4.1; HAMD 20.4 vs. 8.1; CDSS 12.5 vs. 4.6) improved significantly under adjunctive treatment with reboxetine (all P < 0.01).
The adjunctive use of reboxetine in schizophrenic patients was safe and well-tolerated. Our results suggest that the adjunctive use of reboxetine may be an effective treatment for depressive and negative symptoms in schizophrenia.
In this contribution, we report on the optimization of a metal-organic decomposition (MOD) ink based on silver(I) complexes by a systematic variation of the ink formulation. As a result, three different ink concepts turned out to be printable and resulting in a sufficiently high contour definition, layer homogeneity, and conductivity. The ink concepts include increase of the solid load, the usage of N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP) as a humectant with low vapor pressure, addition of co-solvents such as diethylene glycole and addition of sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS) as stabilizing ligand. It turns out that, for silver precursor concentrations of 40 wt%, the addition of 1 wt% SLS to aqueous inks leads to elevated conductivity up to 3.2x107 Sm-1 at maintained printability and an improved contour definition with respect to pure aqueous inks.
Background: Only a small number of studies on the natural disease course in behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD) have been conducted. This is surprising because knowledge about the progression of symptoms is a precondition for the design of clinical drug trials.
Methods: The aim of the present study was to examine the cognitive decline of 20 patients with mild bvFTD over one year using the Consortium to Establish a Registry for Alzheimer's Disease – Neuropsychological Assessment Battery (CERAD-NAB).
Results: Within an average follow-up interval of 13 months, patient scores declined significantly in the Mini-mental-State-Examination (MMSE) and the CERAD-NAB subtests of naming, verbal and nonverbal memory. No significant changes were found in the CERAD-NAB subtests of category fluency, recognition, and visuoconstruction. The average annualized decline on the MMSE was 4.0 ± 4.9 points. Ceiling effects were detected in Figures Copy, Word List Recognition and Modified Boston Naming Test. Though the included patient group was rather homogeneous regarding severity of dementia, the cognitive changes were very heterogeneous.
Conclusion: Given the heterogeneity of cognitive decline, the design of a test battery for clinical trials in FTD will be challenging. A cognitive battery should definitely include the MMSE, Word List Learning and Word List Delayed Recall.
La esquizofrenia se complica con frecuencia por síntomas depresivos o negativos que responden sólo de manera moderada al tratamiento con los medicamentos antipsicóticos. La reboxetina es un antidepresivo nuevo que inhibe la recaptación de norepinefrina. Tratamos de estudiar la eficacia y tolerabilidad del uso auxiliar de la reboxetina en una cohorte de pacientes esquizofrénicos con síntomas depresivos o negativos prominentes.
Se seleccionó para este estudio a 16 pacientes esquizofrénicos hospitalizados. Todos los sujetos recibieron 4-8 mg/día de reboxetina mientras se continuaba la medicación antipsicótica (antipsicóticos típicos = 4; antipsicóticos atípicos = 12). Todos los sujetos pasaron una evaluación estandarizada que incluía la PANSS, la CGI, la HAMD y la CDSS antes y después del tratamiento con reboxetina (media: 26 ± 17 d).
Todos los sujetos toleraron el tratamiento con reboxetina. Los efectos adversos fueron leves y no requirieron la interrupción del fármaco. Todas las puntuaciones clínicas (PANSS: 93,1 frente a 63,1; CGI: 5,4 frente a 4,1; HAMD: 20,4 frente a 8,1, y CDSS: 12,5 frente a 4,6) mejoraron significativamente bajo el tratamiento auxiliar con reboxetina (todos P < 0,01).
El uso auxiliar de reboxetina en los pacientes esquizofrénicos fue seguro y se toleró bien. Nuestros resultados indican que el uso auxiliar de reboxetina puede ser un tratamiento efectivo para los síntomas depresivos y negativos en la esquizofrenia.
Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this to your organisation's collection.