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We present a distance measurement to the semi-regular variable star RX Bootis (RX Boo). Using the VLBI Exploration of Radio Astrometry (VERA) telescope, we conducted astrometric observations of a water maser spot associated with RX Boo, as well as of the continuum reference source J1419+2706. Based on monitoring observations covering a full year, the annual parallax of RX Boo was measured at 7.31 ± 0.50 mas, corresponding to a distance of 136+10−9 pc. This distance uncertainty is smaller by a factor of two than those previously published, allowing us to determine the object's stellar properties more accurately. Using our distance, we can determine the absolute magnitude and discuss more precisely the locus of RX Boo on the period–luminosity (PL) relation. RX Boo exhibits two simultaneous pulsation periods and is located on the fundamental and first overtone Mira sequences of the PL relation. In addition, we calculated the radius and mass of the star.
We present results of astrometric observations of S269 H2O maser performed with VERA (VLBI Exploration of Radio Astrometry). We have monitored the positions of S269 H2O masers for 1 year and successfully detected its parallax to be 189±8 micro-arcsecond. This corresponds to a source distance of 5.28+0.24−0.22 kpc, and is the smallest parallax (and thus the largest distance) that has ever been measured by means of annual parallax. Proper motions of S269 H2O maser were also measured and used to determine the Galactic rotation velocity at the position of S269. Our measurements show that the Galactic rotation velocity at S269 is the same to that at the Sun within 3%, indicating that the Galactic rotation curve is flat out to R~13 kpc.
We have carried out multi-epoch VLBI observations of the H2O maser sources associated with young stellar objects (YSOs) in nearby molecular clouds with VERA (VLBI Exploration of Radio Astrometry), which is a newly constructed VLBI network in Japan (Kobayashi et al. 2003). The main goal of our study is to measure the absolute proper motions and distances to nearby molecular clouds within 1 kpc from the Sun, to reveal their 3-dimensional structures and dynamical properties. Using the VERA dual-beam receiving system (Honma et al. 2003), we have carried out phase-referencing VLBI observations and measured annual parallaxes and absolute proper motions of the H2O maser features with respect to the extragalactic radio sources. We have successfully detected the annual parallax of one of the H2O maser features in Orion KL to be 2.29±0.10 mas, corresponding to the distance of 437±19 pc from the Sun (Hirota et al. 2007). In addition, the annual parallax of SVS13 in NGC 1333 is also determined to be4.10±0.17 mas, corresponding to the distance of 244±10 pc from the Sun, although the life time of the maser features are only 6 months. The absolute proper motions of the H2O maser features associated with Orion KL and NGC 1333 are derived, possibly indicating the outflow motions from the YSOs as well as the systemic motions of the powering sources.
We have developed and tested a new near infrared camera equipped with a 512 × 512 PtSi CCD and cooled by two independent Stirling Cycle refrigerators. The camera, installed on the 60 cm reflector telescope of the Nishi-Harima Astronomical Observatory (NHAO) since April 2000, has begun regular observations toward infrared objects. Since the reasonable cost and lower maintenance needs of the camera make it more attractive, we introduce it as an alternative to robotic telescopes.
VLBI observations of millimeter wavelengths can probe the broad line emission and jet forming regions of quasars, and the scale of an accretion disk around massive black holes in nearby active galaxies, which are self-absorbed at longer wavelengths. Therefore, the extension of the mm-VLBI network is timely and urgent problem. We are now planning to move Nobeyama 6 m mm VLBI telescope to Kagoshima. The telescope will be placed at Kinkohwan park in Kagoshima City in late 1992 and will be operated in 1993. The frequencies for VLBI observations will range from 22 GHz to 100 GHz.
To date, there are two mm-VLBI facilities in Japan: Nobeyama 45 m and Kashima 34 m, However, the longest baseline is only about 200km EW which provides a fringe separation of 17 mas. This is not sufficient for high resolution mapping. A 10 m telescope which is under construction at Mizusawa, 400 km north from Kashima which will be usable up to 43 GHz and will add a north-south baseline, which is very important for astrometrie measurement.
3.4-mm line of HCO+ has been mapped toward the galactic center. The telescope used was the 6-m mm-wave telescope at the Tokyo Astronomical Observatory, equipped with a GaAs Schottky barrier diode mixer and a 256-ch filter bank of 1-MHz resolution. Fig. 1 shows the observed positions on the antenna temperature contour map of HCN(Fukui et al. 1977). Intensive observations were made of the line SR where the HCN emission is strongest. Fig. 2 shows the HCO+ profile as well as the HCN profile, both of which are averages along SR().
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