Seventeen samples of CdGeAs2 have been extensively characterized by temperature-dependent Hall effect and resistivity measurements. Due to the anisotropic nature of the electrical properties, carefully matched sample sets were fabricated with the c-axis either in or out of the plane of the sample. The matched samples allowed determination of carrier concentration and both in-plane and out-of-plane mobilities as a function of temperature. The electrical properties of both undoped and lightly doped samples were dominated by either native defects or residual growth impurities, leading to compensated p-type material. N-type doped material was obtained only with heavy doping. An apparent variation in acceptor activation energy between 110 and 165 meV could be best explained in terms of two deep acceptor levels and at least one shallow donor. Room temperature absorption coefficient data and the relation to background doping is also reported.