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We present the first results of a dedicated search for Diffuse Interstellar Bands that have profiles with FWHM > 6 Å. Broad DIBs have been noticed in past surveys using averages of multiple sight lines (e.g. Jenniskens & Désert, 1994), but careful detection, measurement, and cataloguing for individual sight lines has not been done since the pioneering work of Herbig (1995). We have initiated an observing campaign using the Apache Point Observatory in order to obtain low-resolution spectra to search for such broad DIBs and monitor their behaviour from star to star. A first sample of 21 stars with 0.3 < E(B-V) < 3.3 mag, along with 15 matched low-reddening stars, were observed with the APO/DIS B400 (R ~ 450) and R300 (R ~ 1000) gratings to obtain spectra having S/N > 500.
The diffuse interstellar bands (DIBs) have come to the fore as an important mystery. This paper presents the history of DIB discovery and research; their importance; a summary of their properties; constraints on proposed identifications; a survey of DIB papers (including graduate student's theses); and a web site that lists DIBs paper from 1922 to 2011 (to be extended to the present).
This work focusses on MWC 922, the central object in the Red Square Nebula. We obtained low and medium resolution spectra of both, the central object and the surrounding nebula, using the DIS and TSpec spectrograph. The spectra show the whole spectral range between ~3 500 Å up to ~25 000 Å. The central object shows a plethora of emission lines, including many Fe II and forbidden Fe [II] lines. Here, we present the inventory of the emission lines of the central object, MWC 922. Future work will comprise the identification of the nebula emission lines by using newly obtained X-Shooter spectra. That way we want to gain further insight into the physical and chemical conditions in this environment. A comparison of the Red Square to the Red Rectangle Nebula is anticipated and will guide our search for DIBs in emission.
Anomalously broad diffuse interstellar bands (DIBs) at 5780.5, 5797.1, 6196.0, and 6613.6 Å are found in absorption along the line of sight to Herschel 36, an O star system next to the bright Hourglass nebula of the Hii region Messier 8. Excited lines of CH and CH+ are seen as well. We show that the region is very compact and itemize other anomalies of the gas. An infrared-bright star within 400 AU is noted. The combination of these effects produces anomalous DIBs, interpreted by Oka et al. (2013, see also this volume) as being caused predominantly by infrared pumping of rotational levels of relatively small molecules.
This volume incorporates and greatly expands upon the first edition, titled The Poetry of Alfonso X, el Sabio (London: Grant & Cutler, 1977). That work contained 384 annotated entries through to 1976. This new form takes us to 2010 and carries 1,987 entries (the new entries total 1,603, more than a 400% increase). The last entry of that early edition now carries number 638, an indication that much had been left uncovered and now has been incorporated. The fact that items are yet to be included is certain to be repeated in this new edition: some studies have not yet been discovered; others have but I have been unable to consult them personally. Others I will have overlooked or they did not come to my attention. Those I could not consult personally are marked ‘Not seen’. That is the crude nature of bibliography.
However, the amount of material since 1976 amounts to an explosion of interest not only in the Cantigas de Santa Maria (hereafter CSM), its texts, language, music and miniatures, but also – and healthfully – in Alfonso's profane poems. There are just over 1,600 new entries, a clear sign that the poems written/sponsored by the Learned King (‘El Sabio’), Alfonso X, are now attaining the prominence they richly deserve. Of the volume this one is designed to replace, John Keller wrote fifteen years ago that ‘Joseph Snow's bibliography of alfonsine poetry has served for the last few years to orient researchers, and its updating will be most welcome.’
The studies made of Alfonso's poetry have had recourse to different editions, as a result of which the numbering in the studies varies often. For the CSM, Walter Mettmann has established the standard numbering today, based on MS E, and his table of equivalences was printed in his edition of 1959 (vol. 1) and reprinted in the later edition of 1986 (vol. 1, pp. 35–40). Mettmann's numbering is now considered definitive and is used throughout this bibliography.
This appendix attempts to organize the various editions of Alfonso's cantigas profanas since this is where readers of relevant articles will find greatest differences. In column 1, the numbers are those of the manuscript once owned by Colocci and indexed by Brancuti, now in Lisbon's Biblioteca Nacional. It is often referred to as Colocci-Brancuti but I have used CBN to designate it in this Appendix. Some of the same poems appear in Vatican MS 4803, known commonly as the Cancioneiro da Vaticana, twice edited in the nineteenth century (by Monaci in 1875 and by Braga in 1878, see item 73). There is a facsimile of CV, issued in 1973 by the Centro de Estudos Filológicos, with a preface by F. Lindley Cintra (see item 581). These are the numbers in column 2.
In 1965 Manuel Rodrigues Lapa gave us his edition of the cantigas d'escarnho e de mal dizer which he gathered from all the cancioneiros. These are generally well edited and a second edition was printed in 1970 in which some of Alfonso's poems receive new numbers.
This book covers the criticism of the religious and the profane poetry of Alfonso X. It treats his poetry in its complete scope, the religious (the Cantigas de Santa Maria) as well as the forty-five profane poems, mostly satires. It does so in a chronological sequence from the earliest commentary in 1278 to the most recent criticism in 2010. The work contains five times as many entries as the original 1977 edition, including an introduction, two appendices with the profane poems and the poems treated in the items in the bibliography, and an author and subject index. Joseph T. Snow is Professor Emeritus, Michigan State University.
This Appendix surveys both the CSM (B1) and Alfonso's profane (nonreligious) poems (B2). The contents refer to the cantigas of Alfonso X mentioned in the titles and annotations of the numbered entries in this bibliography. Numbers for the CSM are those used in Mettmann's edition (1986–89). Numbers for the profane cantigas are to the Rodrigues Lapa edition (Lapa) or to the Cancioneiro da Biblioteca Nacional (CBN) housed in Lisbon. The profane poems appear in several editions: consult Appendix A in which I have collated four separate numbering systems.
The Cantigas de Santa Maria (CSM)
In addition to the listing below, I have not included numbers for works in which all the CSM are mentioned generally and which would have proved unproductive for the user of this index. In the General Index, these are listed under Editions, Anthologies and Facsimiles. This Appendix is designed as a complement to the General Index: entries here may involve the text, the miniatures, the music or some combinations of the three.
Ever since Deyermond first brought Teresa de Cartagena (c.1420 – c.1460) to our attention in 1976, and then again in 1983, this time in the context of other female authors of late medieval Spain, the scholarly bibliography on Teresa and others – e.g., Leonor López de Córdoba and Florencia Pinar – has expanded rapidly. The feminist scholarship is especially admirable but still has much more to tell us about her and her irruption into a world of writing dominated by men. These and other new developments in Teresa scholarship have illuminated such crucial areas as her social context, family associations, her love of learning and the desire for God (as Leclercq expressed it), and her status as precursor to Teresa of Ávila and Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz.
In this essay, my principal goal is to review Teresa's two works – Arboleda de los enfermos and Admiraçión operum Dey – not so much for what she says in them as for the varied voices she adopts effectively to think through her mission as author. To this end, I present and, in part, categorize a variety of voices that the readers will find blended with her own. These variations in voice accompany, or are the result of, the various attitudes, postures or roles she assumes within these two works. As we will have occasion to observe, several of these voices are channeled by Teresa: that is, she becomes the instrument of their ‘speaking’ in both texts.
The glaucomas are neurodegenerative diseases involving death of
retinal ganglion cells and optic nerve head excavation. A major risk
factor for this neurodegeneration is a harmfully elevated intraocular
pressure (IOP). Human glaucomas are typically complex, progressive
diseases that are prevalent in the elderly. Family history and genetic
factors are clearly important in human glaucoma. Mouse studies have proven
helpful for investigating the genetic and mechanistic basis of complex
diseases. We previously reported inherited, age-related progressive
glaucoma in DBA/2J mice. Here, we report our updated findings from
studying the disease in a large number of DBA/2J mice. The period when
mice have elevated IOP extends from 6 months to 16 months, with 8–9
months representing an important transition to high IOP for many mice.
Optic nerve degeneration follows IOP elevation, with the majority of optic
nerves being severely damaged by 12 months of age. This information should
help with the design of experiments, and we present the data in a manner
that will be useful for future studies of retinal ganglion cell
degeneration and optic neuropathy.