To save content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about saving content to .
To save content items to your Kindle, first ensure firstname.lastname@example.org
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about saving to your Kindle.
Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
Surveys were completed in Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Mozambique, Tanzania, Uganda and Zanzibar to assess the lepidopteran stem borer species diversity on wild host plants. A total of 24,674 larvae belonging to 135 species were collected from 75 species of wild host plants belonging to the Poaceae, Cyperaceae and Typhaceae. Amongst them were 44 noctuid species belonging to at least nine genera, 33 crambids, 15 pyralids, 16 Pyraloidea species not yet identified, 25 tortricids and three cossids. The noctuid larvae represented 73.6% of the total number of larvae collected, with 66.3, 3.5 and 3.8% found on Poaceae, Cyperaceae and Typhaceae, respectively. The Crambidae, Pyralidae, Tortricidae and Cossidae represented 19.8, 1.9, 2.5 and 0.1% of the total larvae collected, respectively, with 90.4% of the Crambidae and Pyralidae collected from Poaceae, and 99.7% of the Tortricidae collected from Cyperaceae. The lepidopteran stem borer species diversity in the wild host plants was far more diverse than previously reported.
We use the self-interaction corrected (SIC) local spin-density (LSD) approximation to investigate the groundstate valency configuration of Mn impurities in p-type ZnO. In Zn1−xMnxO, we find the localized Mn2+ configuration to be preferred energetically. When codoping Zn1−xMnxO with N, we find that four d-states stay localized at the Mn site, while the remaining d-electron charge transfers into the hole states at the top of the valence bands. If the Mn concentration [Mn] is equal to the N concentration [N], this results in a scenario without carriers to mediate long range order. If on the other hand [N] is larger than [Mn], the N impurity band is not entirely filled, and carrier mediated ferromagnetism becomes theoretically possible.
We introduce a random field model with anisotropic interfacial exchange for ferromagnet / antiferromagnet bilayers and calculate average coupling energies and coupling directions for different grain or domain sizes. The model is shown to reconcile Malozemoff's random field Ising model for exchange bias with the spinflop coupling mechanism. Furthermore, we find that for small and mid size domains, the average coupling direction strongly varies between different interfacial configurations. We show how this behavior can lead to rotating anisotropies in systems with very strong magnetocrystalline anisotropies, where the use of superparamagnetic grains or domains in the antiferrofmagnet is not justified.
Sesamia calamistis Hampson and Eldana saccharina Walker larvae were reared at 25°C on pieces of stem from five indigenous African grasses. All five, Andropogon sp., Panicum maximum Jacq., Pennisetum polystachion (L.) Schult., P. purpureum L. and Sorghum arundinaceum (Desv.) Stapf. have been reported as host plants for one or both species. Larval survival, larval and pupal period and pupal weight were recorded and compared to values of these parameters for larvae reared on stems of maize and on artificial diet. S. calamistis larval survival was less than 10% on each grass species compared to 95% on artificial diet and 30% on maize stems. Larval period was similar on maize and the grasses, but was 50% faster on artificial diet. Pupal periods were similar for larvae reared on grasses, maize and artificial diet. Pupal weights were highest for larvae reared on artificial diet, followed by maize and then grasses. E. saccharina larval survival was less than 5% on each grass species compared to 60% on artificial diet and 19% on maize stem. Larval development was 25% faster on artificial diet than on maize or grasses. Larvae reared on grasses, maize and artificial diet had similar pupal periods. Pupal weights were lowest on grasses and highest on artificial diet.
Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this to your organisation's collection.