To send content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about sending content to .
To send content items to your Kindle, first ensure firstname.lastname@example.org
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about sending to your Kindle.
Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
Parkinson's disease (PD), PD dementia (PDD) and dementia with Lewy body (DLB), collectively termed Lewy body disease (LBD), characterize an array of emotional, neurobehavioral and cognitive symptoms. Pure psychiatric presentation (PPP) of LBD is the fourth subtype of LBD in which psychiatric symptoms lasted for many years in the absence of neurological disturbance.
The aim of this study is to localize the PPP and its clinical characteristics in subjects with low uptake of myocardial metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) study.
Sixty MIBG-verified patients (28 women and 32 men) were grouped into three psychiatric pictures; depression (group D: 27 patients), isolated visual hallucinations (group V: 16 patients) and psychotic picture (group P: 17 patients). Fifty six cases were examined with cerebral single photon emission tomography study. Thirty-seven cases had hypoperfusion regions and 19 cases showed no abnormality. Final diagnoses of PD, PDD, DLB and PPP were evaluated with an aid of DSM-IV-TR, UPDRS part III, the Hoehn and Yahr Scale, MMSE and the movement disorder society task force diagnostic criteria.
Three clusters, PDD and Group P, DLB and Group V, and Group D and PPP-PD were found significantly with correspondence analysis. UPDRS average score showed negative correlation with average MMSE scores. All patients with PPP and majority of patients with PD featured depression.
PPP subjects are considered to be incidental LBD or depression of pre-motor PD. Psychotic parkinsonian features contributed highly to dementia of LBD, and visual hallucination was closely associated with DLB.
Parotid gland carcinoma is a rare and complicated histopathological classification. Therefore, assembling a sufficient number of cases with long-term outcomes in a single institute can present a challenge.
The medical records of 108 parotid gland carcinoma patients who were treated at Kyushu University Hospital, Fukuoka, Japan, between 1983 and 2014 were reviewed. The survival outcomes were analysed according to clinicopathological findings.
Forty-six patients had low clinical stage tumours (I–II), and 62 patients had high clinical stage tumours (III–IV). Fifty-two, 10 and 46 patients had low-, intermediate- and high-grade tumours, respectively. Twenty-seven of 65 cases had positive surgical margins. In high clinical stage and intermediate- to high-grade tumours, adjuvant radiation therapy was correlated with local recurrence-free survival (p = 0.0244). Intermediate- to high-grade tumours and positive surgical margins were significantly associated with disease-specific survival in multivariate analysis (p = 0.0002 and p = 0.0058).
The results of this study show that adjuvant radiation therapy is useful for improved local control in patients with high clinical stage and intermediate- to high-grade tumours.
To identify the predictive and prognostic factors associated with ampicillin-resistant enterococcal bacteraemia, we retrospectively reviewed demographic, microbiological and clinical data of patients attending the Kyoto University Hospital, Japan, between 2009 and 2015. Logistic regression and Cox regression analyses were performed to determine the predictive and prognostic factors, respectively. In total, 235 episodes of enterococcal bacteraemia were identified. As ampicillin susceptibility was uniform for Enterococcus faecalis isolates and almost all ampicillin-resistant isolates were E. faecium, bacteraemia due to these species was investigated separately. E. faecalis and E. faecium accounted for 41.7% (98/235) and 48.1% (113/235) of the isolates, respectively and 91.2% of all E. faecium were ampicillin resistant. Nosocomial E. faecium bacteraemia acquisition (odds ratio (OR), 13.6; 95% confidence intervals, 3.16–58.3) was associated with ampicillin-resistant isolates. Bacteraemia from an unknown source (hazard ratio (HR), 2.91; 95% CI 1.36–6.21) and an increased Pitt bacteraemia score (PBS) (HR, 1.36; 95% CI 1.21–1.52) were associated with 30-day mortality in E. faecium infections. Likewise, bacteraemia from an unknown source (HR, 4.17; 95% CI 1.25–13.9) and increased PBS (HR, 1.27; 95% CI 1.09–1.48) were associated with 30-day mortality in patients with E. faecalis bacteraemia. The empirical therapeutic administration of glycopeptides is recommended for patients with bacteraemia from an unknown source in whom severe E. faecium bacteraemia is suspected.
In the collapsing phase of a molecular cloud, the molecular gas temperature is a key to understand the evolutionary process from a dense molecular cloud to stars. In order to know this, mapping observations in NH3 lines are required. Therefore, we made them based on the FUGIN (FOREST Unbiased Galactic plane Imaging survey with Nobeyama 45m telescope). The 6 maps were observed in NH3 (J,K) = (1,1), (2,2), (3,3) and H2O maser lines and obtained temperature maps; some show temperature gradient in a cloud. Additionally 72 cores were observed. These candidates were called as KAGONMA or KAG objects as abbreviation of KAgoshima Galactic Object survey with Nobeyama 45-M telescope in Ammonia lines. We show the results of two regions in W33 and discuss their astrophysical properties.
In this paper we present the results of spectroscopic observations for 34 emission-line stars (ELSs) in the Orion belt region, which were detected in an extensive survery. Spectral classification and the intensities of Hα and Hβ emission have revealed that the observed ELSs are probably T-Tauri type stars.
IAU Commission 6 “Astronomical Telegrams” had a single business meeting during Honolulu General Assembly of the IAU. It took place on Tuesday, 11 August 2015. The meeting was attended by Hitoshi Yamaoka (President), Daniel Green (Director of the Central Bureau for Astronomical Telegrams, CBAT, via Skype), Steven Chesley (JPL), Paul Chodas (JPL), Alan Gilmore (Canterbury University), Shinjiro Kouzuma (Chukyo University), Paolo Mazzali (Co-Chair of the Supernova Working Group), Elena Pian (Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa), Marion Schmitz (chair IAU Working Group Designations + NED), David Tholen (University of Hawaii), Jana Ticha (Klet Observatory), Milos Tichy (Klet Observatory), Giovanni Valsecchi (INAF\slash Italy), Gareth Williams (Minor Planet Center). Apologies: Nikolai Samus (General Catalogue of Variable Stars, GCVS).
Hyalinizing clear cell carcinoma is a rare minor salivary gland neoplasm. The treatment of choice is surgical resection with or without post-operative radiotherapy. This tumour often demonstrates a good prognosis.
We report a case of hyalinizing clear cell carcinoma arising in the nasopharynx. A 27-year-old female presented with progressive hearing disturbance and tinnitus. On examination, an expansile mass was observed in her nasopharynx. Biopsy was performed and the pathology results returned as clear cell carcinoma.
Results and conclusion:
Surgical resection was performed trans-orally accompanied by trans-palatal approach. She has no recurrence during more than two years of follow up.
IAU Commission 6 “Astronomical Telegrams” had a single business meeting during the Beijing General Assembly of the IAU. It took place on Friday, August 24, 2012. The meeting was attended by five C6 members (N. N. Samus; D. W. E. Green; S. Nakano; J. Ticha; and H. Yamaoka). Also present was Prof. F. Genova as a representative of the IAU Division B. She told the audience about the current restructuring of IAU Commissions and Divisions and consequences for the future of C6.
We mapped the NH3 (1,1), (2,2), and (3,3) lines of the molecular cloud associated with the Monkey Head Nebula (MHN) with 1′.6 angular resolution using Kashima 34 m telescope. Its kinetic temperature distribution was contrary to what is expected for a molecular cloud at the edge of an expanding H II region and suggested that the massive star associated with S252A compact HII region formed spontaneously rather than through a sequential process.
We have investigated electronic band-gap states in AlGaN/GaN hetero-structures with different growth conditions of GaN buffer layers from a viewpoint of Carbon impurity incorporation into GaN, using photoluminescence (PL), capacitance-voltage (C-V) and steady-state photo-capacitance spectroscopy (SSPC) techniques. The Carbon incorporation was found to be enhanced with decreasing the growth temperature of the GaN buffer layer between 1120 and 1170 °C. Acting in concert, three specific deep levels located at ~2.07, ~2.70, and ~3.23 eV below the conduction band were found to become dense significantly at the low growth temperature. Therefore, these levels are probably attributable to Ga vacancies and/or Carbon acceptors produced by the Carbon impurity incorporation, and are likely in conjunction with each other.
In this study, we are doing R&D for directional dark matter search with nuclear
emulsion. First of all, higher resolution nuclear emulsion with fine silver halide
crystals was developed in the production facility of emulsion at Nagoya university, and we
confirmed that it can detect the expected nuclear recoil tracks. The readout of submicron
tracks was required the new technology. We developed the expansion technique, and could
readout the signal by shape analysis with optical microscopy. The two dimensional angular
resolution is 36 degrees at the original track length of range from 150 nm to 200 nm with
optical microscopy. Finally we demonstrated by using recoiled nuclei induced by 14.8 MeV
neutron, and confirmed the technique. Moreover, we developed the X-ray microscope system
with SPring-8 as final check with higher resolution of selected candidate tracks with
optical microscopy. The angular resolution was improved from 31 degree with optical
microscopy to 17 degree with X-ray microscopy at the track length of range from 150 nm to
250 nm. We are developing the practical system and planning for start of the test running
with prototype detector.
We investigated, by employing a photoluminescence technique, the etching damage introduced in near-surface regions of GaN by Ar and Kr plasmas and clarified the differences between the damage characteristics of these regions for the two plasma etching cases. For Ar plasma, the shallow donor-acceptor pair emission at ~3.28 eV was significantly weakened; additionally, a broad blue luminescence band arose at approximately ~3.0 eV. In contrast, for Kr plasma under high gas pressure, we found the recovery of the damage to the same level as the as-grown crystallinity. These differences in the damage characteristics for the two plasma etching cases probably depend upon which atom (N or Ga) is preferentially etched in these cases.
Schistosomiasis is a tropical disease caused by Schistosoma and occurs in 54 countries, mainly in South America, the Caribbean region, Africa and the eastern Mediterranean. Currently, 5 to 6 million Brazilian people are infected and 30,000 are under infection risk. Typical of poor regions, this disease is associated with the lack of basic sanitation and very frequently to the use of contaminated water in agriculture, housework and leisure. One of the most efficient methods of controlling the disease is application of molluscicides to eliminate or to reduce the population of the intermediate host snail Biomphalaria glabrata. Studies on molluscicidal activity of plant extracts have been stimulated by issues such as environmental preservation, high cost and recurrent resistance of snails to synthetic molluscicides. The aim of this study was to determine the molluscicide action of extracts from Piperaceae species on adult and embryonic stages of B. glabrata. Fifteen extracts from 13 Piperaceae species were obtained from stems, leaves and roots. Toxicity of extracts was evaluated against snails at two different concentrations (500 and 100 ppm) and those causing 100% mortality at 100 ppm concentration were selected to obtain the LC90 (lethal concentration of 90% mortality). Piper aduncum, P. crassinervium, P. cuyabanum, P. diospyrifolium and P. hostmannianum gave 100% mortality of adult snails at concentrations ranging from 10 to 60 ppm. These extracts were also assayed on embryonic stages of B. glabrata and those from P. cuyabanum and P. hostmannianum showed 100% ovicidal action at 20 ppm.
Thermal properties of amorphous silicon carbide (a-SiC) at nanometric scales are studied by molecular dynamics (MD) simulations based on an empirical interatomic potential. A scalable parallel MD algorithm is used for studying systems as long as 30nm. To validate the potential, phonon density of states and specific heat of a-SiC are first calculated. Size effects are studied, and errors are estimated for the temperature profile for different system sizes. Simulation time required to achieve steady temperature profiles is also determined. Finally the thermal conductivities of a-SiC at various temperatures are calculated. The results show that thermal conductivities of a-SiC at nanometric scale also agree with Slack's minimum thermal conductivity model.