Cultivated lentil suffers yield loss from stemphylium blight, caused by Stemphylium botryosum Wallr. Identification of sources of stemphylium blight resistance and knowledge of the mode of inheritance of resistance are important for developing resistant cultivars. The interspecific recombinant inbred line (RIL) population developed from a cross between the moderately resistant parent Lens culinaris cv. ‘Eston’ and the resistant parent L. ervoides (Brign.) Grande accession IG 72815 was evaluated for stemphylium blight resistance under controlled conditions at the University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada, and under field conditions at the Pulses Research Centre (PRC), Ishurdi, Bangladesh. We hypothesized that resistance from both parents will lead to transgressive segregation indicative of pyramiding of resistance genes from the same. However, no resistant transgressive segregants were observed in the RIL population. A large proportion (50%) of the RILs had disease severity levels similar to the resistant parent IG 72815 in experiments conducted under natural disease pressure in Bangladesh. Under controlled conditions in Saskatoon, 38% of RILs had resistance levels similar to IG 72815. Across all environments, 14 RILs consistently had resistance levels similar to IG 72815. The distribution of disease severity scores for all RILs indicated polygenic inheritance of stemphylium blight resistance in the population. RILs with consistent resistant reactions should prove useful for lentil improvement programmes. This will contribute to increasing the productivity of lentil crops in North America and the Indo-Gangetic region, which account for more than 68% of world lentil production.