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To solve the problem of the leakage of phase-change materials and expand the application of clay minerals in the field of phase-change materials, illite and paraffin wax were used for the first time as a new binary hybrid core material with silica as the wall material. Phase-change microcapsules were prepared using the sol–gel method and successfully applied in silicone rubber foams. Differential scanning calorimetry showed that the microcapsules had a melting temperature of 62.99°C and a latent heat capacity of 98.24 J g–1, indicating their good heat-storage capacity. Furthermore, the effectiveness of using illite as a filler for preventing paraffin leakage was demonstrated through 200 thermal cycling tests, which demonstrated a leakage rate of only 2.6% compared to 3.2% exhibited by microcapsules without illite.
A 50-yr resolution reconstruction of climate and environment variability during the period 43–14 ka was developed using 26 high-precision U/Th dates and 390 oxygen isotope (δ18O) data of a stalagmite (SJ1) collected from Songjia Cave in central China, which is close to the northwestern boundary of the Asian summer monsoon (ASM). The δ18O record in SJ1 displays significant millennial-scale changes that correlate well in timing and duration with Dansgaard/Oeschger (D/O) events 5–10 and Heinrich event 4 (H4) identified in high-latitude regions of the Northern Hemisphere. Four 230Th dates constrain the H4 event precisely to the period of 39.7 to 38.3 ka. Notable centennial variations of the ASM activity could be observed within the H4 event. The magnitude and duration of D/O event 4.1 recorded in SJ1 are similar to those archived in east China but different from those documented in southwest China, suggesting that the manifestation of this event may be regionally different. The timing, duration and structure of D/O events 5–10 and Heinrich event 4 suggest that temperature changes in both hemispheres have exerted significant influences on the ASM variations in central China.
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