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In order to understand the interaction between dark matter and baryonic matter in the galaxy evolution history, it is fundamental to constrain dark matter (DM) distribution in galaxies. However, it is difficult to constrain DM profile in the central region of early type galaxy because of the lack of extended neutral hydrogen gas and the degeneracy between dynamical stellar M/L and DM profile. To resolve this difficulty, we conducted combined analysis of ALMA cold molecular gas kinematics and MUSE stellar kinematics of early type fast rotator galaxy NGC1380. In addition, we used HST image to trace the stellar luminosity distribution. With the help of high resolution of ALMA image and large field of view of MUSE, we derived the central BH mass, stellar bulge, disk and DM profile.
We present our ongoing work of using two independent tracers to estimate the supermassive black hole mass in the nearby early-type galaxy NGC 6958; namely integrated stellar and molecular gas kinematics. We used data from the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA), and the adaptive-optics assisted Multi-Unit Spectroscopic Explorer (MUSE) and constructed state-of-the-art dynamical models. The different methods provide black hole masses of (2.89±2.05)×108M⊙ from stellar kinematics and (1.35±0.09)×108M⊙ from molecular gas kinematics which are consistent within their 3σ uncertainties. Compared to recent MBH - σe scaling relations, we derive a slightly over-massive black hole. Our results also confirm previous findings that gas-based methods tend to provide lower black hole masses than stellar-based methods. More black hole mass measurements and an extensive analysis of the method-dependent systematics are needed in the future to understand this noticeable discrepancy.
The association of 6.7 GHz class II methanol (CH3OH) masers with ATLASGAL/ ALMA 0.9 mm massive dense cores is presented in this work from a statistical viewpoint. 42 of the 112 cores (37.5%) detected with the Atacama Compact Array (ACA) excite 6.7 GHz CH3OH masers. ACA cores have offsets 0\rlap.″17 to 4\rlap.″79 from the methanol multibeam survey (MMB), with a median of 2.″19. Approximately 90% of the MMB-associated cores are of masses > 40 M⊙. Because all the cores show evidence of outflow activity, and only a fraction of the cores excited CH3OH masers, we suggest that outflows precede the emergence of maser emission. This first ALMA survey of massive dense cores combined with the MMB survey along with other maser specie surveys is a promising tool to trace the evolutionary sequence of high-mass stars.
We report 4-epoch VLBA observations of 3C 66A at 22GHz. The resulting images show a typical core-jet structure. We combine our results with some previous results to investigate the proper motions of the jet components. The kinematics of 3C 66A is quite complicated; mildly superluminal motions as well as apparent inward motions have been detected for some components. The inward motions may imply position change of the observed core.
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