To save content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about saving content to .
To save content items to your Kindle, first ensure firstname.lastname@example.org
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about saving to your Kindle.
Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
This chapter presents the diagnostic tests and principles of management for intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), subdural hematoma (SDH) and extradural hemorrhage (EDH). ICH is twice as common as subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and more likely to result in death or major disability. Cerebrovascular disease (CVD) is the most commonly identified antecedent of epilepsy in adults, accounting for 11% of cases. Intracerebral hemorrhage is the most lethal form of stroke and is a medical emergency. Prompt imaging studies are required because clinical presentation alone is insufficient to differentiate ICH from stroke due to other causes. Scanning with computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are first-choice options. Catheter-directed or minimally invasive endoscopic surgery for clot evacuation using tissue-type plasminogen activator may hold promise in selected patients. Retrospective studies of small numbers of patients conclude that the routine use of prophylactic anticonvulsants is of no benefit after clipping or coil embolization.