To send content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about sending content to .
To send content items to your Kindle, first ensure firstname.lastname@example.org
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about sending to your Kindle.
Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
World War I began in August 1914 with the German declaration of war against Russia and France. It ended four-and-a-half years later with the military defeat of the German army. The first modern war, World War I witnessed the use of new weapons that caused horrible injuries and mass destruction. Nearly two million German soldiers were killed, and two-and-one-half million returned from the front as “war cripples.” The so-called Great War was the first total war that involved countries' entire populations in the production and execution of war. This involvement also meant hardship, sometimes extreme, for noncombatants and demoralization on the home front.
The Vietnam War was never declared. It began as a conflict between France and the Vietnamese nationalist movement during World War II, when the Japanese temporarily displaced the French as colonial rulers and thus created an opening for the communist Viet Minh. The United States first sent military advisers to Vietnam in 1950 as part of its strategy to contain communism; troops followed later. The conflict in Southeast Asia took place thousands of miles from the United States, whose territory was never threatened. American civilians were not directly involved, whereas three million Vietnamese were killed. Approximately three million Americans served in the armed forces during the United States' direct involvement in Vietnam; fifty-eight thousand of them were killed. The longest war of the twentieth century ended in 1975 with the fall of Saigon, two years after the armistice of Paris had allowed the United States to withdraw its troops.
When a war ends, coming to terms with its violence and its victims is one of the most important and urgent tasks postwar society must perform. After 1945 Germany had to cope with the deaths of about seven million soldiers and roughly half a million civilians, many killed in air raids. In addition, there was an unknown number of refugees and prisoners of war. At the same time, the German people were confronted with the moral and political consequences of a military catastrophe, the destruction of many towns, occupation, and the undeniable crimes that the Nazi regime and the Wehrmacht had committed during the war.
In the context of these crimes and the experience of total war, the former interpretation of the fallen soldiers as heroic and patriotic warriors, serving in a just and noble cause, could no longer be maintained as a master narrative. Looking back at the years before 1945, most Germans had very ambivalent emotions: They remembered rather good times for themselves - compared to the postwar years the 1930s appeared normal - but no longer could deny the horrible times for the victims of German aggression and persecution. In this respect, it is of great interest to ask what period Germans perceived as the era of violence, who was seen as victims and who as perpetrators of violence. In short: What was the legacy of war in the German mind?
Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this to your organisation's collection.