The main trends in the development of the ideology of humanism in disaster medicine can be formulated in the following theses: 1. Responsibility of governmental bodies for providing medical safety of a human being in emergencies; 2. Responsibility of public health in the society; 3. Main tasks in nuclear threats connected as applied to disaster medicine are the responsibility of United Nations; 4. History of humanitarian medicine and the development of the World Health Organization's activities in providing medical humanitarian assistance; 5. Ethics of modern physical investigations in the light of development of nuclear and thermonuclear hazards; 6. Roles and trends of humanitarian medicine in modern society; 7. Philosophical and humanitarian approaches and ethics in the modern scientific investigations in the whole; 8. Ethics in modern medicine, biology, and disaster medicine; 9. Rights of victims to receive humanitarian medical assistance in local military conflicts; and 10. Threat of acts of terrorism with the use of chemical, biological, radiological, or nuclear agents and technologies; The paradox of the modern age is that the “principal basis and aim of disaster medicine are humanitarian by their primordial nature”, but the reduction of common human values can lead to a global disaster. On the other hand, emergencies should lead mankind to unity, to the deep understanding of biosocial aspects of survival when the best qualities of human nature are revealed. International disaster medicine problems should be considered as tools for providing an optimal basis for the development of human relations. The development of humanitarian and disaster medicine should be realized with consideration of deep-laid moral positions, on the basis of ethic principles and high moral values, among which, the primordial values are individual existence of everybody and survival of mankind as a species.