The seasonal population trends of the immature stages of Aedes africanus (Theo.), an important vector of yellow fever virus and other arboviruses, were studied in Zika Forest, Uganda, for two years during 1974–75. Data were collected from natural breeding places in tree holes and from bamboo pots placed 80 cm above the ground. Developing larvae and pupae were present at all times of year, and there were monthly, seasonal and annual fluctuations in density. These fluctuations followed the seasonal distribution of rainfall and were more marked in the natural breeding places, which were subject to irregular fluctuations in water level, than in the bamboo pots, which were constantly supplied with water. Thus, in addition to the drought-resistant eggs whose erratic hatching by instalments could ensure the presence of A. africanus throughout the year, there are probably also present at any given time females that are capable of ovipositing. As a measure of the seasonal population changes, it was found that both the percentage of positive containers index and the mean number per container index were almost equally sensitive.