In an experiment carried out on five farms in 3 years and comprising 1221 annual weight records of adult ewes, an increased level of feedingwas comparedwith feeding according to farming practice. The higher feeding level started 6 weeks before mating andfinishedjust before lambing. Significant effects of feeding level on ewe live weight and body condition, ewe fecundity and the birth and weaning weights of lambs were found.
Ewe fecundity increasedlinearly with ewelive weight at 8 weeks prior t o mating (b=1·05 lambs/kg per 100 ewes), curvilinearly with ewe body condition score at 8 weeks before mating (maximum at score 3·32) and curvilinearly with weight gain from 8 to 2 weeks before mating (maximum at 2·3 kg gain). A 10% range in live weight, condition score and live-weight gain resulted in a predicted fecundity range of 21 lambs per 100 ewes alive at lambing. Changes in weight and condition score during the mating period did not affect ewe fecundity.