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The microstructure evolution and mechanical properties of Mg–10Gd–3Y–xZn–0.6Zr (x = 0.5, 1, and 1.5 wt%) alloys in the as-cast, solution-treated, and peak-aged conditions have been investigated systematically. The results indicate that the microstructure of the as-cast alloy with 0.5% Zn consists of α-Mg, (Mg,Zn)3RE and Mg24(RE,Zn)5 phases, while the alloy with 1.0 and 1.5% Zn consists of α-Mg, (Mg,Zn)3RE and some stacking faults. Moreover, 18R-LPSO phases are observed in the as-cast alloy with 1.5% Zn. The formation of LPSO phases involves not only stacking sequence ordered but also chemical composition ordered. After solution treatment, the Mg24(RE,Zn)5, (Mg,Zn)3RE, stacking faults, and 18R-LPSO phases transform into 14H-LPSO phases. The 14H-LPSO phase plays an important role in the improvement of mechanical properties, especially for the ductility. The β′ phase with a bco structure precipitates in the peak-aged alloys results in precipitation hardening, significantly improving the tensile strength, but it leads to poor ductility.
The mechanical properties and internal friction (damping capacity) of Mg–Zn–Y alloys with a long-period stacking ordered (LPSO) structure at different Y/Zn atomic ratios (2/1, 3/2 or 4/3) in cast and extrusion were investigated. It was found that the as-cast Mg–Zn–Y alloys with different Y/Zn atomic ratios possess a single LPSO phase with the same stable 18R-type structure. Among the three alloys, the alloy with 3/2 atomic ratio yields the highest damping capacity in low- and high-strain amplitude stages. Two damping peaks particularly P1 and P2 are detected in the Mg–Zn–Y alloy with 3/2 atomic ratio at approximately 108 and 220 °C, respectively. These results may be attributed to few solute atoms in Mg matrix and grain boundaries. In addition, the studied alloy with 3/2 atomic ratio exhibits excellent comprehensive properties in as-cast and as-extruded states; this alloy yields an ultimate tensile strength of 346 MPa and maintains a certain damping capacity (Q−1 > 0.01) in extrusion.
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