Multidrug-resistant organisms (MDROs) are emerging and disseminating around the globe. The guidelines for the management of MDROs support the use of various interventions to reduce the burden of MDROs. We conducted a study to assess the impact of the creation of a unit for cohorting of patients with infection due to MDROs.
Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, a 795-bed university, public hospital, is located in the city of Porto Alegre in southern Brazil. In a quasi-experimental study, we assessed the impact of the creation of an MDRO unit for patient cohorting on the overall hospital incidence of infection due to MDROs.
The 34 beds of the unit were located in 16 rooms for adult MDRO-infected patients and 2 additional rooms for respiratory isolation. Patients were transferred to the unit when they were identified as infected or colonized with MDROs. The unit staff was trained for MDRO-infected patient care; unit staff, patients, and families attended weekly meetings for education about MDROs with a multidisciplinary team (doctors, nurses, pharmacists, and social assistants).