The so-called Instant Release Fraction (IRF) is considered to govern the dose released from Spent Fuel repositories. Often, IRF calculations are based on estimations of fractions of inventory release based in fission gas release . The IRF definition includes the inventory located within the Gap although a conservative approach also includes both the Grain Boundary (GB) and the pores of restructured HBS inventories.
A correction factor to estimate the fraction of Grain Boundary accessible for leaching has been determined and applied to spent fuel static leaching experiments carried out in the ITU Hot Cell facilities . Experimental work focuses especially on the different properties of both the external rim area (containing the High Burn-up Structure (HBS)) and the internal area, to which we will refer as Out and Core sample, respectively. Maximal release will correspond to an extrapolation to simulate that all grain boundaries or pores are open and in contact with solution.
The correction factor has been determined from SEM studies taking into account the number of particles with HBS in Out sample, the porosity of HBS particles, and the amount of transgranular fractures during sample preparation.