We report on directly deposited plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD) nanocrystalline silicon (nc-Si:H) ambipolar thin-film transistors (TFTs) fabricated at 260 °C. The ambipolar operation is achieved adopting Cr metal contacts with high-quality nc-Si:H channel layer, which creates highly conductive Cr silicided drain/source contacts, reducing both electron and hole injection barriers. The n-channel nc-Si:H TFTs show a field-effect electron mobility (meFE) of 150 cm2/Vs, threshold voltage (VT) ~ 2 V, subthreshold slope (S) ~0.3 V/dec, and ON/OFF current ratio of more than 107, while the p-channel nc-Si:H TFTs show a field-effect hole mobility (mhFE) of 26 cm2/Vs, VT ~ -3.8 V, S ~0.25 V/dec, and ON/OFF current ratio of more than 106. Complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) logic integrated with two ambipolar nc-Si:H TFTs shows reasonable transfer characteristics. The results presented here demonstrate that low-temperature nc-Si:H TFT technology is feasible for total integration of active-matrix TFT backplanes.