To send content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about sending content to .
To send content items to your Kindle, first ensure email@example.com
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about sending to your Kindle.
Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
We assessed long-term incidence and prevalence trends of dementia and parkinsonism across major ethnic and immigrant groups in Ontario.
Linking administrative databases, we established two cohorts (dementia 2001–2014 and parkinsonism 2001–2015) of all residents aged 20 to 100 years with incident diagnosis of dementia (N = 387,937) or parkinsonism (N = 59,617). We calculated age- and sex-standardized incidence and prevalence of dementia and parkinsonism by immigrant status and ethnic groups (Chinese, South Asian, and the General Population). We assessed incidence and prevalence trends using Poisson regression and Cochran–Armitage trend tests.
Across selected ethnic groups, dementia incidence and prevalence were higher in long-term residents than recent or longer-term immigrants from 2001 to 2014. During this period, age- and sex-standardized incidence of dementia in Chinese, South Asian, and the General Population increased, respectively, among longer-term immigrants (by 41%, 58%, and 42%) and long-term residents (28%, 7%, and 4%), and to a lesser degree among recent immigrants. The small number of cases precluded us from assessing parkinsonism incidence trends. For Chinese, South Asian, and the General Population, respectively, prevalence of dementia and parkinsonism modestly increased over time among recent immigrants but significantly increased among longer-term immigrants (dementia: 134%, 217%, and 117%; parkinsonism: 55%, 54%, and 43%) and long-term residents (dementia: 97%, 132%, and 71%; parkinsonism: 18%, 30%, and 29%). Adjustment for pre-existing conditions did not appear to explain incidence trends, except for stroke and coronary artery disease as potential drivers of dementia incidence.
Recent immigrants across major ethnic groups in Ontario had considerably lower rates of dementia and parkinsonism than long-term residents, but this difference diminished with longer-term immigrants.
A permutoid is a set of partial permutations that contains the identity and is such that partial compositions, when defined, have at most one extension in the set. In 2004 Peter Cameron conjectured that there can exist no algorithm that determines whether or not a permutoid based on a finite set can be completed to a finite permutation group. In this note we prove Cameron’s conjecture by relating it to our recent work on the profinite triviality problem for finitely presented groups. We also prove that the existence problem for finite developments of rigid pseudogroups is unsolvable. In an appendix, Steinberg recasts these results in terms of inverse semigroups.
We show results from a positive degree-day (PDD) model of Greenland ice sheet (GrIS) surface mass balance (SMB), 1870–2012, forced with reanalysis data. The model includes an improved daily temperature parameterization as compared with a previous version and is run at 1 km rather than 5 km resolution. The improvements lead overall to higher SMB with the same forcing data. We also compare our model with results from two regional climate models (RCMs). While there is good qualitative agreement between our PDD model and the RCMs, it usually results in lower precipitation and lower runoff but approximately equivalent SMB: mean 1979–2012 SMB (± standard deviation), in Gt a−1, is 382 ± 78 in the PDD model, compared with 379 ± 101 and 425 ± 90 for the RCMs. Comparison with in situ SMB observations suggests that the RCMs may be more accurate than PDD at local level, in some areas, although the latter generally compares well. Dividing the GrIS into seven drainage basins we show that SMB has decreased sharply in all regions since 2000. Finally we show correlation between runoff close to two calving glaciers and either calving front retreat or calving flux, this being most noticeable from the mid-1990s.
In this work, a very efficient mixed-potential integral-equation formulation is implemented for the rigorous analysis of multilayered structures with arbitrarily shaped two-dimensional periodic metallic and/or dielectric inclusions. Original acceleration techniques have been developed for the computation of the components of the scalar and dyadic Green's functions, based on different types of asymptotic extractions according to the potential considered. The theoretical approach and its computational convenience have been validated through different full-wave analyses concerning both scattering problems and complex-mode dispersive behaviors in various frequency-selective structures for microwave applications.
By definition, an $\omega$-residually free tower is positive-genus if all surfaces used in its construction are of positive-genus. We prove that every limit group is virtually a subgroup of a positive-genus, $\omega$-residually free tower. By combining this construction with results of Gaboriau, we prove that elementarily free groups are measure-equivalent to free groups.
Cotton is the single most economically important natural textile fiber in the world. It is a seed hair and has historically composed a large portion of the world's textiles. The plant is grown in most tropical and subtropical regions of the world. The demand for cotton, especially as a garment fiber, it due to properties such as its soft hand, water absorption, spinnability, and dyeability, and to its ease of home laundering. Perhaps cotton's most important textile property is its comfort. These properties are due to the unique, multilayered construction of the fiber subunits. The nature of this construction has been studied microscopically for more than 100 years, first using light microscopes, then electron microscopes as they became available. Because they are natural biological materials, no two cotton fibers are exactly alike. Yet they do have certain structural features in common. Structure in cotton can refer to several levels of construction.
Foliated to massive hornblende and biotite-bearing tonalite, trondhjemite and granodiorite comprise a terrane of batholithic dimensions in southwestern to central Newfoundland. These rocks intrude and include Ordovician ophiolite fragments and metasedimentary rocks of Fleur de Lys type, and are cut by a suite of Silurian gabbro-diorite and norite and Siluro-Devonian (?) granite intrusions.
A U/Pb (zircon, sphene) age of 456 ± 3 Ma (2σ) and a K/Ar (hornblende) age of 455 ± 14 Ma (previously reported) for a representative least-deformed tonalite of the Southwest Brook Complex indicate that it crystallised and cooled in Caradoc time. A less precise U/Pb (zircon) age of 428 ± 41 Ma (2σ) is measured for tonalitic Cape Ray Granite in southern Newfoundland. On discrimination diagrams which use Rb, Nb and Y contents to infer tectonic setting, these rocks fall in the field of volcanic arc granites. The occurrence of zircon cores with average ages of 1430 + 18/–17 and 1541 ± 173 Ma (2σ) also indicate that the magmas formed in part by partial melting of Proterozoic crust, or sediments derived from such crust. It is suggested that the tonalitic magmas were generated during the Taconic Orogeny in an arc: continent collision zone at the ancient margin of eastern North America.
Tonalitic rocks in western Newfoundland broadly correlative in age and chemistry with the batholith include the Burlington Granodiorite and Hungry Mountain Complex, as well as allochthonous slices of foliated tonalite emplaced over Ordovician platform carbonates W of Grand Lake.
In the July number of the Gazette Mr. E. G. Phillips says: “Frequently it happens that students whose early training has been on the lines of many of the existing elementary text-books on the Differential Calculus come up to the University never even having heard of a differential! It would be of the greatest possible assistance to those responsible for the later teaching of the Calculus if the schoolmasters taught the subject from the differential standpoint right from the start”. I have the very greatest hesitation in subscribing to this latter statement.
1. The subject-matter of this communication I believe to be new, but after Lemma 1 the method is classical; Lemma 1 is itself a particular case of a theorem which I have given elsewhere, and is a straightforward extension of a well-known result.
Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this to your organisation's collection.