Chlorine radicals generated with UV irradiation are effectively used to remove residual metal contaminants after vatious LSI processes. Aluminum, iron, and copper atoms are effectively removed as volatile chloride species from silicon surfaces. The mechanism has been studied using silicon wafers intentionally contaminated with those metal ions. Contaminants are involved in native oxides as metal oxides or hydroxides. Chlorine radicals penetrate the native oxides and attack those oxides or hydroxides vaporizing metal chlorides. The cleaning process is accompanied with slight etching of silicon surfaces to a depth as thin as a few nm. However, this is not essential because the substrate temperature is more important than the etching depth. Alkaline metals are also removed from the surfaces to the level as small as the detection limit of atomic absorption spectroscopy. We believe that those are removed through a lift-off process. The, wixture of fluorine and hydrogen gases removes a native oxide of silicon under UV irradiation. Hydrogen fluoride radicals react with native oxide resulting in hydrogen termination on silicon dangling bonds. These cleaning processes are advantageous for low temperature silicon epitaxy, reliable contact formation, and thin gate oxide growth.