The principal data are collected about the fall and the distribution of the fragments of the Siena, Italy, meteorite (11·6°E., 43·1°N.). A complete individual, weighing 110·55 g, is described in some detail. Crust morphology, mineralogical composition, and structure were studied. Optical data were established by microscopical analysis and both thin and polished sections were observed. Compared with available electron-probe analysis they are found in good agreement. The chemical analysis is Fe 12·93, Ni 1·39, Co 0·09, FeS 5·46, SiO2 37·10, TiO2 0·14, Al2O3, 3·91 FeO 11·46, MnO 0·35, MgO 23·81, CaO 1·63, Na2O 0·90, K2O 0·16, P2O5 0·44, H2O+ 0·10, H2O− 0·00, Cr2O3 0·56, total 100·43. Siena is an ordinary chondrite, with relatively ambiguous characteristics and evident features of recrystallization and metamorphism.