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Maternal postpartum depression is known to negatively affect parenting and the mother-child relationship. When compared with non-depressed mothers, depressed ones have more often negative perceptions about their child's characteristics. This cognitive distortion can be a mechanism that mediates mother-child relationship disorders. Postpartum depression in fathers and its effects on parenting are understudied and rarely recognised as relevant in clinical practice.
Aims: Our purpose with this work is to examine the association between paternal depression and the father's perceptions about his infant, namely the infant's temperament and the difficulty in dealing with the usual daily problems posed by the new baby.
50 families were recruited in primary care consultations. Data were collected at time points ranging from 3 months to 24 months postpartum. Paternal and maternal depression were measured using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale. The father's perceptions about the infant were measured using the Infant Characteristics Questionnaire and the Daily Hassles Scale.
Sensory processing is the individual's ability to receive, process and integrate sensory information from the environment and body movement in the central nervous system, in order to produce adaptive responses. Sensory processing disorders (SPD) are associated to difficulties in regulating emotions and behaviours as well as motor abilities in response to sensory stimulation that lead to impairment in development and functioning. It is estimated that SPD affect 5–16% of school-aged children. Although these diseases constitute a primary diagnostic category in the Diagnostic Classification of Mental Health and Development Disorders of Infancy and Early Childhood: DC0-3, they have not yet been validated by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-DSM. In the latest edition of DSM, SPD were only included as one of the diagnostic criteria of autism-spectrum disorders. However, several studies have suggested that SPD may present themselves solely or coexist with other clinical conditions.
The aim of this study was to review systematically the relationship between SPD and psychopathology.
Articles indexed in the Pubmed database were analyzed.
Although sensory processing problems are well known to occur in association with autism, their relationship with other mental disorders is not a well studied area. Some studies have related them with ADHD, behavioural disorders and learning disorders. Some studies also comproved that SPD are a valid diagnosis and that there are individuals with SPD who do not meet the criteria for other known disorder. One study found an abnormal white matter microstructure in children with SPD. Despite these findings SPD need to be further studied.
Disclosure of interest
The authors have not supplied their declaration of competing interest.
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