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Microwave absorption measurements from 20 to 80 K in magnetic fields up to 12 kG are reported. Below a certain characteristic temperature T* = 80 ± 2 K < Tc the absorption in magnetic-field-cooled samples is smaller and broader in comparison to the zero-field-cooled samples. The incident microwave radiation induces a dc voltage across the sample which is also magnetic field dependent and peaks at zero magnetic field.
We report measurements of an apparent magnetic-field-dependent absorption (imaginary part of the a.c. magnetic susceptibility) in superconducting Y1Ba2Cu3O7 ceramics and crystals. The absorption, which is observed over a wide range of frequencies but only when the material is below the superconducting transition temperature, is characterized by a narrow (∼ 30 Gauss FWHM at 6 MHz) peak and a wide (> 10 kG) feature, both of which are maximum at zero magnetic field. The absorption strength varies approximately as one over the square root of the frequency. The unusual magnetic-field-dependent peaks in the magnetic susceptibility are inherent in single grains and therefore do not originate from intergrain Josephson currents or multigrain (i.e., percolative) loops. The susceptibility peaks must be due to bulk behavior, interactons at grain surfaces, intragrain current loops, or intra-grain Josephson Junctions.
Magnetic resonance behavior of Sn0.98 Gd0. 02 Te has been investigated from 2.5 K down to 0.015 K using a SQUID magnetometer and a 3He-4He dilution refrigerator. Detection of magnetic resonance with a SQUID allows the detection of NMRan d EPR of some of the constituents of the sample. This method is particularly useful for broad lines. We have investigated the NMRfor 125Te, 119 Sn, and 117Sn, and the EPR for the Gd ion in a field of 265 Oe. The contribution of Gd impurities is maily important in the Knight shift of the Sn isotopes; this shift is 7%. The EPR shows 2 broad lines with structure; one line we attribute to the paramagnetic ions and the second one we attribute to Gd ions which have formed clusters.
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