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We evolve extremely metal-poor ([Fe/H]≃–3), thermally pulsing Asymptotic Giant Branch (AGB) models with the mass range of 1–8 M⊙. The chemical yields ejected from the models are obtained by considering mass loss. We find that the 1- and 2-M⊙ AGB models are not affected by hot bottom burning (HBB). Nevertheless, they produce large amount of 7Li in an H-flash event. The occurrence of this event is associated with the ingestion of protons from the overlying H-rich envelope into the He convective shell driven by thermal pulse. The resulting 7Li abundances in the ejecta are higher than the primordial one predicted in Big-Bang nucleosynthesis. The efficient production of 7Li by the operation of HBB is also confirmed in the models of 4–8 M⊙. If these AGB stars have a low-mass companion, it is probable that mass loss from the primary AGB star brings the materials enriched in 7Li into the secondary star. This makes the surface composition of the secondary Li-rich. The formation of Li-rich stars, however, is strongly dependent on the mass loss history and binary separation. The nucleosynthesis for the other light nuclei is also calculated up to the end of the AGB phase. We find that the abundance patterns of the metal-poor stars CS 29528–041 and CS 29497–030 are well reproduced by yields from our AGB models.
The first metal enrichment in the universe was made by supernova (SN) explosions of population (Pop) III stars. The history of chemical evolution is recorded in abundance patterns of extremely metal-poor (EMP) stars. We investigate the properties of nucleosynthesis in Pop III SNe by comparing their yields with the abundance patterns of the EMP stars. We focus on (1) jet-induced SNe with various properties of the jets, especially energy deposition rates [Ėdep = (0.3 − 1500) × 1051 ergs s−1], and (2) SNe of stars with various main-sequence masses (Mms = 13 − 50M⊙) and explosion energies [E = (1 − 40) × 1051ergs]. The varieties of Pop III SNe can explain the observations of the EMP stars: (1) higher [C/Fe] for lower [Fe/H] and (2) trends of abundance ratios [X/Fe] against [Fe/H].
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