To save content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about saving content to .
To save content items to your Kindle, first ensure email@example.com
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about saving to your Kindle.
Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
OBJECTIVES/SPECIFIC AIMS: Interleukin-23 (IL-23) promotes differentiation of naïve T-cells into Th17 cells, which drive the pathogenesis of autoinflammatory conditions such as psoriasis. IL-23-neutralizing antibody therapies are now in use for treatment of psoriasis, with promising results. Studies in mice have shown that IL-23 plays a role in inhibiting the growth, progression, and metastasis of melanomas. Thus, therapeutic neutralization of IL-23 in patients may inadvertently increase their susceptibility to development of melanoma. In this study, we aim to characterize expression of IL-23 receptors (IL-23R) in human melanocytes and melanoma cells and tissue and to study the effect of IL-23 on growth, proliferation, and tumorigenicity of these cells. METHODS/STUDY POPULATION: IL-23R expression was characterized using immunofluorescence staining, Western blot, and flow cytometric analysis. Response of melanoma and melanocytes to recombinant IL-23 treatment will be studied through similar methods in addition to assays of cell proliferation and tumorigenicity. RESULTS/ANTICIPATED RESULTS: Preliminary immunofluorescence staining and flow cytometry results indicate that both human melanoma and primary melanocytes express IL-23 receptors. Western blot analysis showed that melanoma cell line A375 expressed nearly twice the amount of IL-23R versus normal melanocytes (p<0.05). Based on previous studies, we anticipate that addition of recombinant IL-23 to cultures of melanoma will reduce proliferative potential, and we expect similar addition to normal melanocytes will increase DNA repair mechanisms. DISCUSSION/SIGNIFICANCE OF IMPACT: In showing that human melanocytes and melanoma cells express IL-23 receptors, and potentially showing the inhibitory effect of IL-23 in the development of melanocytic neoplasms, our findings imply that using IL-23 neutralizing therapies may increase risk of developing melanoma, especially in patients who are already susceptible. As such, these therapies must be used with great care in these patients.
Carbon nanostructures, e.g., nanotubes, fullerenes, carbon blacks, etc., are being extensively explored for numerous biomedical applications. The most of such studies, however, deal with carbon nanotubes, and comparatively less is known on the biomedical potential of other nanosize carbon particles. In the present work, carbon and metal/carbon core/shell spherical nanoparticles have been prepared using the decomposition of monosaccharide-based compositions under hydrothermal conditions with or without the presence of metal seed particles. The effects of different process conditions on the particle size, structure, and composition have been examined using TEM, XRD, UV-Vis, FTIR and Raman spectroscopies. The nearly perfect spherical particles with the dimensions in the range of 20 – 100 nm have been obtained depending on the process parameters such as precursor concentration, presence of seed particles and polymeric additives, process temperature and time. The particles prepared with 5 – 20 nm gold seeds clearly showed the core/shell structure with the thickness of carbon shell in the range of 10 – 50 nm. The FTIR experiments have indicated a strong effect of the processing conditions on the chemical activity of nanoparticle surfaces in the attachment of the additional surface functional groups and organic molecules. It has been found that the both hydrothermally prepared carbon and metal/carbon core/shell nanoparticles possess very good dispersibility and stability in the both water and simulated body fluids in the most of experiments. The particles have been successfully functionalized with several molecules such as polyethyleneglucol and biotin. Selected samples of well-dispersed carbon nanospheres with different concentrations have been tested for their interaction with several cultured cell lines including epidermal keratinocytes, fibroblasts, and dog macrophages.
Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this to your organisation's collection.