To send content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about sending content to .
To send content items to your Kindle, first ensure firstname.lastname@example.org
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about sending to your Kindle.
Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
Dengue fever, a mosquito-borne viral disease, has become a major public health problem with marked expansion in recent decades. Dengue has now become hyperendemic in India with co-circulation of all the four serotypes. Herein, we report an unprecedented outbreak which occurred during August to October 2011 in Odisha, eastern India. This is the first report of a large epidemic in Odisha. Detailed serological and molecular investigation was carried out to identify the aetiology. Almost half of the samples were found to be dengue antigen (NS1) positive. Further molecular assays revealed circulation of mixed dengue serotypes (DENV-2 and DENV-3). Cosmopolitan genotype of DENV-2 and -3 were identified as the aetiology by phylogenetic analysis. Interestingly, a new lineage of DENV-3 within cosmopolitan genotype was incriminated in this outbreak. The emergence of the unprecedented magnitude of the dengue outbreak with the involvement of a novel lineage of DENV in a newer state of India is a major cause for concern. There is an urgent need to monitor phylodynamics of dengue viruses in other endemic areas.
We have demonstrated a uniform, robust interface for high-k deposition with significant improvements in device electrical performance compared to conventional surface preparation techniques. The interface was a thin thermal oxide that was grown and then etched back in a controlled manner to the desired thickness. Utilizing this approach, an equivalent oxide thickness (EOT) as low as 0.87 nm has been demonstrated on high-k gate stacks having improved electrical characteristics as compared to more conventionally prepared starting surfaces.
—Organophosphorus-derived pesticides are commonly used to control Culex quinquefasciatus, the principal vector of filariasis in India. This paper reports on the susceptibility of C. quinquefasciatus from Madurai city, Tamil Nadu and its environs, to the organophosphate Malathion. It was observed that both larval and adult mosquitoes had low levels of resistance to the pesticide, with resistance ratios at LC50, LC90, and LC95 varying from 0.94 to 3.07 in larvae, and 0.93 to 34.68 in adults. This observation indicates the possibility of higher resistance developing in C. quinquefasciatus populations, the limitation of organophosphorus compounds as larvicides in mosquito breeding sites as a measure to control filariasis, and the importance of research into alternative measures for managing C. quinquefasciatus.
Nanoparticles of Ag, Au, Pd, and Cu have been prepared by the reduction of their salts by ethyl alcohol under refluxing conditions in the presence of polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP). In the case of Au and Cu, it was necessary to use magnesium metal as a catalyst during the reduction. The nanoparticles are in the 5–35 nm range in the case of Ag, Au, and Pd, but there is considerable agglomeration in the case of Cu even in the presence of PVP.
Z-cut lithium tantalate (LiTaO3) ferroelectric single crystals were irradiated with 200 keV Art++ ions. LiTaO3 possesses a structure that is a derivative of the corundum (A12O3) crystal structure. A systematic study of the radiation damage accumulation rate as a function of ion dose was performed using ion-beam channeling experiments. An ion fluence of 2.5•1018 Ar2+ ions/m2 was sufficient to amorphize the irradiated volume of a LiTaO3 crystal at an irradiation temperature of ∼120K. This represents a rather exceptional susceptibility to ion-induced amorphization, which may be related to a highly disparate rate of knock-on of constituent lattice ions, due to the large mass difference between the Li and Ta cations. We also observed that the c− end of the ferroelectric polarization exhibits slightly higher ion dechanneling along with an apparent greater susceptibility to radiation damage, as compared to the c+ end of the polarization.