The role of fluorine (F) in the break-up of the native oxide and the regrowth of As doped poly-Si layers on unpatterned Si wafers and on patterned regions of Si device wafers at temperatures of 900°C to 1000°C are investigated by TEM and by the fabrication of npn poly-Si emitter bipolar devices. Results for unpatterned wafers with F show i) a 950°C dopant drive-in anneal causes oxide break-up and regrowth after a time suitable for the fabrication of devices, ii) a pre-anneal, before the As implant, further enhances the break-up and regrowth and iii) there is an optimum F dose of 5×1015/cm2. Based on these results poly-Si emitter bipolar devices were fabricated using F=5×1015/cm2, a pre-anneal and a 900°C As drive-in anneal. The results establish quantitatively the relationship between the interface structures and the specific emitter resistance, i.e. with no F there is no break-up or regrowth and the emitter resistance is high (114Ωμm2) while with F there is break-up and regrowth and the emitter resistance is low (17Ωμm2).