Bangladesh is a small, populous South Asian nation with poor literacy, limited resources and a lack of basic healthcare. Caring for people with psychiatric disorders in such a setting is challenging. The prevalence of psychiatric disorder in Bangladesh is similar to that in other countries, yet there is a severe shortage of well trained psychiatrists and a lack of even basic mental health services. To generate large numbers of well trained psychiatrists, Bangladesh must expand its high-quality psychiatric training and education at both the postgraduate and the undergraduate levels. To achieve these ambitious goals, Bangladesh needs help and assistance from regional and international institutions. The Royal College of Psychiatrists can play a role of critical psychiatric public health importance by helping Bangladesh locally train a new generation of psychiatrists who will care for the vast number of those with ailments of mind and soul.