To save content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about saving content to .
To save content items to your Kindle, first ensure email@example.com
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about saving to your Kindle.
Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
We obtained radiocarbon (14C) dates with accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) of vascular plant samples and a charcoal sample collected from peat deposits near the prehistoric village site informally designated CR-03 on Carlisle Island in the Islands of Four Mountains group, Alaska, to determine the eruption age of the CR-02 tephra. A fine vitric ash erupted from Okmok caldera, Umnak Island (ca. 2 ka BP) was also discovered in the bog. The ages of the CR-02 tephra and Okmok II ash are estimated to be 1050 and 2000 cal BP, respectively. Because both tephras are distinctive and widespread, these are important chronostratigraphic markers for archaeological sites in this island group. The 14C dates obtained from this bog are 800 years younger than the dates of the charcoal fragments from cultural layers in the Unit 3 of prehistoric village site CR-02 (AMK-0003).
Organic thin-film transistors (OTFTs) using cross-linked olefin polymer as a gate insulator were fabricated on a plastic film. An olefin polymer layer was formed by spin-coating and baking at temperatures below 150°C. Pentacene was used as an organic semiconductor layer. The fabricated OTFTs with a short 5-μm-long channel showed a mobility of 0.1-0.2 cm2/Vs and a current ON/OFF ratio of 107. These OTFTs also exhibited good stable performance in the atmosphere. On the basis of the results, we fabricated a 5 inches OTFT-driven flexible active-matrix organic light emitting diode (AMOLED) display. The gate insulator, some metal wirings and electrodes on the OTFT backplane were formed on the plastic film by photolithography. After fabrication of the OTFT backplane, OLED layers were formed by vacuum deposition through a shadow-mask. Clear color moving images were observed on the flexible display even when it was bent.
Most of the investigations for an alternative medicinal treatment on atherosclerosis have been focused on natural or dietary compounds including phytochemicals. So far, few studies regarding anti-atherosclerotic small peptides except for tetrapeptide of Lys-Arg-Glu-Ser have been reported. The present study was, thus, to investigate whether dipeptide Trp-His, which is one of vasodilating small peptides, could reduce atherosclerotic lesions in apo E-deficient mice fed a high-fat diet. The animal study involved a 9-week-successive administration of Trp-His at a dose of 0, 10 or 100 mg/kg per d. After 9-week administration, en face analyses provided the first direct evidence that the atherosclerotic lesion area was significantly reduced by 27 and 38 % for Trp-His dosed at 10 and 100 mg/kg per d, respectively, compared with the control group. Administration of Trp-His did not affect growth parameters such as body weight and feeding efficiency (P>0·1). Total serum cholesterol and HDL-cholesterol as well as lipid profiles in the liver did not differ between the tested groups. Taken together, the anti-atherosclerotic effect of dipeptide Trp-His should be addressed into physiological functions of bioactive peptides, in which the dipeptide may elicit the power by alternative mechanism(s), not by the regulation of lipid metabolism.
Zinc oxide (ZnO) single crystals were grown by the hydrothermal method using lithium and potassium hydroxide as mineralizer and properties of the grown crystals were characterized from the viewpoints of epitaxial wafer applications. The growth sector dependence of impurity and defect concentrations were characterized by secondary ion mass spectroscopy and photoluminescence. As a result, it was clearly shown that defect and impurity distribution in the obtained crystal was anisotropic, and this anisotropy is affected by the choice of the seed crystal shape and growth direction. Annealing effect on flatness of the wafer surface was also examined, and it was found that high temperature annealing with flat single crystalline cover is appropriate for removal of scratch and formation of atomically flat surface. Moreover, we show the possible miss-evaluation of Hall coefficient of ZnO due to anisotropy in defects and impurities distributions.
A case of respiratory epithelial adenomatoid hamartoma of the maxillary sinus is reported. Glandular hamartomas involving the sinonasal tract have received only limited documentation in the literature. The differential diagnosis of adenomatoid hamartoma includes schneiderian papilloma of the inverted type and adenocarcinoma. Limited but complete surgical resection is the treatment of choice.
Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this to your organisation's collection.