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The aim of this pooled analysis was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of lurasidone in the treatment of an acute exacerbation of schizophrenia in adolescents and young adults.
The six pooled studies in this analysis used similar study designs and outcome measures. Patients (aged 13–25 years) were randomized to 6 weeks of double-blind, placebo-controlled treatment with lurasidone in fixed doses of 40, 80, 120, or 160 mg. The primary efficacy endpoint was Week 6 change in the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) total score; secondary efficacy endpoints included Week 6 change in the Clinical Global Impression–Severity scale.
The safety population consisted of 537 patients (mean age: 18.1 years); 82.6% of patients completed the studies. Treatment with lurasidone was significantly better than placebo at all doses (p < 0.001) for change in the PANSS total score at Week 6. Placebo-adjusted PANSS scores ranged from −9.4 to −16.1 (effect sizes: 0.53–0.90), with effect sizes increasing at higher doses. For lurasidone (combined doses), three adverse events occurred with a frequency of ≥5% (nausea: 13.5%; somnolence: 12.1%; akathisia: 10.1%). At last observation carried forward (LOCF)-endpoint weight gain of ≥7% was similar for lurasidone versus placebo (3.6 vs. 4.7%). Minimal median changes were observed at endpoint in cholesterol, −2.0 mg/dL; triglycerides, 0.0 mg/dL; and glucose, 0.0 mg/dL.
In adolescents and young adults with schizophrenia, treatment with lurasidone in doses of 40–160 mg/d was a safe, well-tolerated, and effective treatment. Short-term treatment with lurasidone was associated with minimal effects on weight and metabolic parameters.
Four medications are FDA approved for bipolar depression: lurasidone (LUR), cariprazine (CAR), quetiapine IR & XR (QUE), and olanzapine-fluoxetine combination (OFC). Indirect comparisons for efficacy using Number Needed to Treat (NNT) and for tolerability using Number Needed to Harm (NNH) can be useful clinical benchmarks to aid treatment decisions. Benefit and risk may also be examined using the Likelihood to be Helped or Harmed (LHH). In this post-hoc analysis, we examined the benefit-risk ratio of the four treatments using LHH.
Individual and pooled monotherapy data from short-term clinical registration trials of patients with bipolar depression were assessed for LUR, CAR, pooled QUE (300 and 600 mg), and pooled OFC (considered as monotherapy for this study at fixed doses of 6/25, 6/50, 12/50 mg) data. NNT estimates were calculated using the proportions of MADRS responders (defined as ≥ 50% improvement at study endpoint) and MADRS remitters (defined as a score of ≤ 10 [for LUR and CAR] and ≤ 12 [for QUE and OFC]) at study endpoint. NNH data were calculated for the proportions of patients who discontinued due to an adverse event (AE) and for individual AEs commonly associated with each treatment. LHH was calculated as the ratio of NNH/NNT to determine the benefit-risk ratio.
The NNT estimates for response vs. placebo were: 5 for both LUR 20–60 mg and 80–120 mg; 10 for both CAR 1.5 mg and 3.0 mg; 6 for QUE; and 4 for OFC. The NNTs for remission vs placebo were: 7 for LUR 20–60 mg and 9 for LUR 80–120 mg; 10 for CAR 1.5 mg and 13 for CAR 3.0 mg; 6 for QUE; and 5 for OFC. The NNH estimates for discontinuations due to AEs were: 642 for LUR 20–60 mg and −151 for LUR 80–120 mg; 298 for CAR 1.5 mg and 31 for CAR 3.0 mg; 10 for QUE; and −37 for OFC. NNH values that were negative were assigned a value of 1000 to permit LHH to be calculated. The LHHs for response vs discontinuation due to an AE were: 128.4 for LUR 20–60 mg and 200 for LUR 80–120 mg; 29.8 for CAR 1.5 mg and 3.1 for CAR 3.0 mg; 1.7 for QUE; and 250 for OFC. The LHHs for response vs akathisia were: 3.6 for LUR 20–60 mg and 2.4 for LUR 80–120 mg; 3.6 for CAR 1.5 mg and 1.3 for CAR 3.0 mg; 34 for QUE; and not available (NA) for OFC. The LHHs for response vs EPS were: 8 for LUR 20–60 mg and 3.2 for LUR 80–120 mg; 5 for CAR 1.5 mg and 2.5 for CAR 3.0 mg; NA for QUE; and NA for OFC. The LHH for response vs weight gain was 5.8 for LUR 20–60 mg and 1110 for LUR 80–120 mg; 5 for both doses of CAR; 2.7 for QUE; and 1.5 for OFC.
LHH can illustrate the trade-offs regarding potential benefits versus potential harms. Across a variety of measures, the lower-dose groups for both LUR and CAR generally evidenced a better benefit-risk profile than the higher-dose groups. While quetiapine and OFC demonstrated robust efficacy, their reduced tolerability resulted in a more marginal benefit-risk ratio for some of the outcomes.
Bipolar disorder frequently has an early onset, with an estimated 1.8% prevalence of bipolar I disorder in children and adolescents. Childhood onset of bipolar disorder is typically associated with a chronic, severe, and disabling course of illness. Relatively few prospective studies are available that evaluate the long-term efficacy of atypical antipsychotics in achieving and sustaining response or remission in pediatric patients with bipolar depression. Lurasidone has been approved by the FDA as monotherapy for bipolar depression in pediatric patients ages 10–17 years. The aim of the current post-hoc analysis was to evaluate the long-term efficacy of lurasidone in achieving response or remission in children and adolescents with bipolar depression followed over a two-year period.
Patients 10–17 years with bipolar I depression who completed a 6-week double-blind (DB) study of lurasidone vs. placebo were eligible to enroll in a two-year, open-label (OL) extension study in which patients were continued on flexibly-dosed lurasidone (20–80 mg/d) or switched from placebo to lurasidone. Efficacy measures included the Children’s Depression Rating Scale, Revised (CDRS-R) and the Clinical Global Impression, Bipolar Depression Severity scale (CGI-BP-S). Functioning was evaluated utilizing the Clinician-rated Children’s Global Assessment Scale (CGAS) score, with a score >70 indicating no clinically meaningful functional impairment. Responder criteria were met if a patient achieved criteria = 50% reduction from DB baseline in the CDRS-R total score: remission criteria were met if a patient achieved a CDRS-R Total Score =28 and a YMRS total score =8 and CGI-BP-S depression score =3, and a patient was considered to have met recovery criteria if they achieved remission with a CGAS score >70. In addition, a more stringent outcome, sustained remission, was also analyzed, which required a patient to meet remission criteria for =24 consecutive weeks.
A total of 306 patients completed the 6-week DB study and entered the extension study; 195 (63.7%) patients completed one year of treatment and 168 (54.9%) patients completed two years of treatment. Responder rates at OL baseline, one year, and two years were: 51.0%, 88.4% and 91.1%, respectively; remission rates were 24.3%, 61.3%, and 75.6%, respectively; and recovery rates were 17.7%, 53.8%, and 73.8%. On a Pearson correlation analysis, there was a strong inverse relationship (r = −0.71) between CDRS-R total score, and global functioning as measured by the CGAS. Sustained remission was achieved by 37.2% of patients at one year and 57% of patients after two years.
In children and adolescents with bipolar depression, up to 2 years of treatment with lurasidone was associated with continued improvement in depressive symptoms, resulting in progressively higher rates of response, remission, recovery, and the more rigorously calculated outcome of sustained remission.
Lurasidone is approved for the treatment of bipolar depression both as monotherapy and adjunctive therapy with lithium or valproate (Li/VPA). The aim of these analyses was to evaluate the prevalence of treatment-emergent mania (TEM) and worsening of mania symptom severity in clinical trials of both adult and pediatric patients with bipolar depression treated with lurasidone.
In these post-hoc analyses, TEM and change in manic symptom severity as measured by the Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS) were evaluated in two double-blind (DB), 6-week studies in adults of lurasidone monotherapy, 20–60 mg/d (n=161) and 80–120 mg/d (n=162) vs. placebo (n=162), and adjunctive therapy of lurasidone 20–120 mg/d + Li/VPA (n=179) vs. placebo + Li/VPA (n=161). Prevalence of TEM was also evaluated in a 6-month, open-label (OL) extension study of adults treated with lurasidone monotherapy (n=316) or adjunctive therapy (n=497). In pediatric patients (ages 10–17) TEM and change in manic symptoms was evaluated in a DB 6-week study of lurasidone monotherapy (n=173) vs. placebo (n=170) and in a 24-month OL extension study. TEM was defined as an adverse event of mania or hypomania and/or having a YMRS score =16 at 2 consecutive post-baseline weekly visits (or the final assessment) in short-term studies or 1 post-baseline monthly visit in long-term studies.
Adult studies: In short-term studies, TEM rates were comparable in patients treated with lurasidone monotherapy 20–60 mg/d (3.7%) and 80–120 mg/d (1.9%) vs. placebo (1.9%). TEM rates were also comparable in patients treated with lurasidone 20–120 mg/d (1.1%) adjunctive to Li/VPA vs. placebo + Li/VPA (1.2%). In the monotherapy study, significant reduction in YMRS score was observed at study endpoint for the 20–60 mg/d group compared to placebo (−1.9 vs. −1.3; p<0.05) with similar improvement relative to placebo in the 80–120 mg/d group. Change for YMRS score was comparable for lurasidone and placebo in the adjunctive study. In long-term studies, 1.3% of adult patients treated with lurasidone monotherapy (n=316) met criteria for mania, and 3.8% of patients on adjunctive lurasidone therapy (n=497) met TEM criteria. Pediatric studies: TEM rates were comparable in patients treated with lurasidone vs. placebo (1.7% vs. 2.3%). LS mean reduction in symptoms of mania from baseline to week 6 was significantly greater for lurasidone vs. placebo on YMRS score (−2.0 vs. −1.1; p<0.05). Pediatric long-term studies: After two years of OL treatment with lurasidone, 5.2% of patients met TEM criteria. Mean change in YMRS total score from DB baseline to Month 24 continued to improve (−2.0).
Short-term and long-term treatment with lurasidone demonstrated significant improvement in manic symptoms and was not associated with an increased risk of TEM in either adult or pediatric patient populations compared to rates reported in clinical populations of patients.
Few studies have examined treatment response in adolescents with schizophrenia who are treatment-naive; and there is no placebo-controlled study that we are aware of in first episode treatment-naive patients with schizophrenia. The aim of this analysis was to evaluate the long-term efficacy of lurasidone in antipsychotic-naive adolescents with schizophrenia.
Patients aged 13–17 years with schizophrenia, and a PANSS total score ≥70 and <120, were randomized to 6 weeks of double-blind (DB) treatment with lurasidone (40 or 80 mg/day) or placebo. Six-week completers were eligible to enroll in a 2-year open-label extension phase receiving lurasidone flexibly dosed from 20–80 mg/day. In a post-hoc analysis, efficacy was evaluated for 2 patient groups based on treatment status prior to entering the initial 6-week DB study (treatment naïve [TN] vs. treated previously [TP]). Treatment-naïve was defined as never having received antipsychotic treatment. Efficacy measures included the PANSS total score and the Clinical Global Impression, Severity (CGI-S) score. Level of functioning was assessed using the Children’s Global Assessment Scale (CGAS), with a score of 70 representing normative levels of functioning.
A total of 50 TN and 221 TP patients completed the 6-week DB study and entered the extension study; and 30 (60.0%) TN and 126 (57.0%) TP patients completed 104 weeks. During the initial 6 weeks of DB treatment, mean change in PANSS total score at endpoint was greater for lurasidone vs. placebo in both the TN group (−25.0 vs. −14.4; P<0.02; effect size, 0.75), and in the TP group (−17.3 vs. −10.0; P<0.001; effect size, 0.45). During OL extension phase treatment with lurasidone, mean change from DB baseline in the PANSS total score for TN and TP patients, at week 52 was −32.6 (n=38) and −28.1 (n=151), respectively; and at week 104 was −33.6 (n=30) and −29.2 (n=126), respectively. Mean change from DB baseline in CGI-S score at both weeks 52 and 104 was −1.8 for TN patients and −1.5 for TP patients. At DB baseline mean CGAS scores indicated significant functional impairment in both the TN and TP patients (CGAS=48 and 43, respectively). During OL treatment with lurasidone, mean change (from DB baseline) in the CGAS score at Weeks 52 and 104, respectively, was +22.0 and +22.9 in TN patients, and +21.1 and +22.9 in TP patients. During OL treatment with lurasidone, mean observed change from DB baseline in the weight (in kg,) at Weeks 52 and 104, respectively, was +4.2 and +4.8 in TN patients, and +4.0 and +5.0 in TP patients. These weight increases are consistent with expected weight gains in adolescents during a 2-year period (based on CDC growth charts).
In this post-hoc analysis of a 2-year study, adolescents with schizophrenia who had received no previous antipsychotic therapy showed greater improvement compared to previously treated patients during both short- and long-term treatment with lurasidone.
Minimal long-term benefit: Risk data are available regarding antipsychotic treatments for schizophrenia in pediatric populations. This study evaluated the long-term safety, tolerability, and effectiveness of lurasidone in adolescents with schizophrenia.
Patients aged from 13 to 17 who completed 6 weeks of double-blind (DB), placebo-controlled treatment with lurasidone were enrolled in a 2-year, open-label (OL), flexible dose (20-80 mg/day) lurasidone treatment study. Safety was assessed via spontaneous reporting, rating scales, body weight measurement, metabolic, and prolactin testing. Effectiveness measures included the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) total score.
About 271 patients completed 6 weeks of DB treatment and entered the 2-year OL extension study. Altogether, 42.4% discontinued prematurely, 10.7% due to adverse events. During OL treatment, the most common adverse events were headache (24.0%); anxiety (12.9%), schizophrenia, and nausea (12.5%); sedation/somnolence (12.2%); and nasopharyngitis (8.9%). Minimal changes were observed on metabolic parameters and prolactin. Mean change from DB baseline in weight at week 52 and week 104 was +3.3 kg and + 4.9 kg, respectively, compared to an expected weight gain of +3.4 kg and + 5.7 kg, respectively, based on the sex- and age-matched US Center for Disease Control normative data. Continued improvement was observed in PANSS total score, with mean change from OL baseline of −15.6 at week 52 and −18.4 at week 104.
In adolescents with schizophrenia, long-term lurasidone treatment was associated with minimal effects on body weight, lipids, glycemic indices, and prolactin. Continued improvement in symptoms of schizophrenia was observed over 2 years of lurasidone treatment.
To assess the effects of treatment with lurasidone on risk for metabolic syndrome (MetS) in patients with schizophrenia.
Rates of metabolic syndrome during treatment with lurasidone (40-160 mg/d) were analyzed using pooled, short-term data from three randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled studies (vs olanzapine and quetiapine XR); long-term data from two active-comparator-controlled studies (vs risperidone and quetiapine XR); and data from two open-label studies in which patients were switched from olanzapine or risperidone to lurasidone.
MetS was defined based on the National Cholesterol Education Program criteria. In short-term studies, the odds of meeting criteria for MetS at week 6 LOCF (adjusted for baseline metabolic syndrome status) was similar for the lurasidone and placebo groups (OR = 1.18; [95% CI, 0.81-1.71]; P = .39), but the odds (vs placebo) were significantly greater for olanzapine (OR = 2.81; [95% CI, 1.53-5.15]; P < .001) and quetiapine (OR = 3.49; [95% CI, 1.93-6.29]; P < .0001). No dose effect was observed for lurasidone across the dose range of 40-160 mg/d. In long-term studies, the odds of MetS after 12 months of treatment was significantly higher for risperidone compared with lurasidone (OR = 2.12; 95% CI, 1.15-3.90; P = .016) and for quetiapine XR compared with lurasidone (OR = 3.92; 95% CI, 1.15-13.40; P = .029). In open-label extension studies, the rate of MetS decreased in patients switched to lurasidone after 6 weeks of treatment with olanzapine or 12 months of treatment with risperidone.
In this analysis of lurasidone clinical trials, the odds of developing metabolic syndrome were minimal during short- and long-term treatment with lurasidone (40-160 mg/d).
Bipolar I disorder frequently has an early onset, with an estimated prevalence rate of 1.8% in pediatric populations. Early onset is associated with a high degree of chronicity; however, limited data are available on the long-term efficacy of drug therapies in pediatric populations. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the long-term safety and efficacy of lurasidone in children and adolescents with bipolar depression.
Patients 10-17 years with bipolar I depression were randomized to 6 weeks of double-blind (DB) treatment with lurasidone or placebo. Patients who completed the study were eligible to enroll in a 2-year, open-label (OL) extension study in which patients were continued on flexibly-dosed lurasidone (20-80 mg/d; LUR-LUR) or switched from placebo to lurasidone (PBO-LUR). The primary efficacy measure was the Children’s Depression Rating Scale, Revised (CDRS-R); response was defined as ≥50% reduction from DB baseline in the CDRS-R total score.
A total of 306 patients completed the 6-week DB study and entered the extension study; 195 (63.7%) completed 52 weeks, and 168 (54.9%) completed 104 weeks of treatment. Mean CDRS-R total score at DB baseline was 59.4 in patients treated with lurasidone, and 58.7 in patients treated with placebo; and mean CDRS-R total score at OL baseline (after 6 weeks of DB treatment) was 36.6 in the LUR-LUR group and 41.9 in the PBO-LUR group. For the total sample of patients in the OL study, mean change (from OL baseline) in the CDRS-R score was -13.4 at week 52 and -16.4 at week 104; and responder rates were 51.0% at OL baseline (64.5% for LUR-LUR; 36.9% for PBO-LUR), 88.4% at week 52, and 91.1% at week 104. During OL treatment with lurasidone, 31 patients (10.1%) discontinued due to an adverse event. The most commonly reported events were headache (23.9%), nausea (16.4%), and somnolence (9.8%). OL treatment with lurasidone was associated with few effects on metabolic parameters or prolactin. Mean change from DB baseline in weight was +4.25 kg at week 52 (vs. an expected weight gain of 3.76 kg based on CDC normative data), and +6.75 kg at week 104 (vs. CDC expected weight gain of 6.67 kg).
Two years of treatment with lurasidone in children and adolescents with bipolar depression was generally well-tolerated, with relatively low rates of study discontinuation. Lurasidone treatment was associated with few effects on weight, metabolic parameters, and prolactin. Patients also continued to experience improvement in depressive symptoms during long-term treatment with lurasidone.
Clinicaltrials.gov identifier: NCT01914393
Supported by funding from Sunovion Pharmaceuticals Inc.
Early-onset schizophrenia is characterized by greater severity and more functional impairment than adult-onset schizophrenia. Few studies have prospectively evaluated short- or long-term antipsychotic efficacy in treatment-naïve (vs. previously treated) first-episode schizophrenia. The aim of this post-hoc analysis was to evaluate the long-term efficacy of lurasidone in antipsychotic-naïve adolescents with schizophrenia.
Patients aged 13-17 years with schizophrenia were randomized to 6 weeks of double-blind (DB), fixed-dose treatment with lurasidone (40 mg/day or 80 mg/day) or placebo. Six-week completers were eligible to enroll in an open-label (OL), flexible dose 2-year lurasidone treatment study. Efficacy over 104 weeks of OL treatment with lurasidone was evaluated for 2 patient groups based on treatment status prior to entering the initial DB study (treatment-naïve [TN] vs. treated previously [TP]). Treatment-naïve was defined as never having received antipsychotic treatment prior to randomization. Efficacy measures included the PANSS total score and the Clinical Global Impressions-Severity (CGI-S) score. Treatment response was defined as ≥20% reduction from baseline in PANSS total score.
A total of 50 TN and 221 TP patients completed the 6-week DB study and entered the extension study; and 30 (60.0%) TN and 126 (57.0%) TP patients completed 104 weeks. In the ITT population of the initial DB study, treatment with lurasidone (vs. placebo) yielded larger effects at DB endpoint on the PANSS total score in the TN group (-25.0 vs. -14.4; P<0.02; effect size [ES]=0.75) compared to the TP group (-17.3 vs. -10.0; P<0.001; ES=0.45); and in the CGI-S score in the TN group (-1.07 vs. -0.28; P=0.002; ES=0.97) compared to the TP group (-0.91 vs. -0.55; P=0.005; ES=0.38). During OL treatment with lurasidone, the magnitude of improvement from DB baseline continued to be somewhat larger in the PANSS total score for TN patients (n=38) vs. TP patients (151) at week 52 (-32.6 vs. -28.1) and week 104 (-33.6 vs. -29.2); and in the CGI-S score for TN vs. TP patients at week 52 (-2.1 vs. -1.5) and week 104 (-2.1 vs. -1.6). Responder rates during treatment with lurasidone were 72.0% (TN group) and 61.1% (TP group) at OL baseline (number-needed-to-treat [NNT]=10), 100% and 90.1% at week 52 [NNT=11], and 100% and 88.9% at week 104 [NNT=11]. During OL treatment, the most common adverse events for TN vs. TP patients were headache (26.0% vs. 23.5%), nasopharyngitis (24.0% vs. 5.4%), nausea (16.0% vs. 11.8%), and dizziness (16.0% vs. 4.1%).
In this post-hoc analysis of a 2-year OL extension study, antipsychotic-naïve adolescents with schizophrenia responded well to treatment with lurasidone at doses of 40 mg/day or 80 mg/day. TN patients achieved greater improvement than TP patients during acute treatment; and these greater treatment effects were largely maintained during 2 years of continued treatment with lurasidone.
Supported by funding from Sunovion Pharmaceuticals Inc
Among patients with depressive disorders, the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) is estimated to range from 35-40% and has been associated with increased mortality rates. The aim of this post-hoc analysis was to assess the effect of treatment with lurasidone on the prevalence of MetS in patients with bipolar depression.
Lurasidone data (dose range, 20-120 mg/d) used in the current analyses consisted of 3 double-blind (DB), placebo-controlled, 6-week studies in adults with bipolar I depression (total N=1,192), consisting of 1 monotherapy, and 2 adjunctive therapy trials with lithium or valproate. Patients who completed the short-term trials continued into a 6-month open-label (OL) extension study, with 6-month (LOCF-endpoint) data available on 274 patients treated with lurasidone monotherapy, and 436 patients treated with lurasidone adjunctive therapy. Also analyzed was a recurrence prevention study in stabilized bipolar patients who completed up to 20 weeks of OL adjunctive treatment with lurasidone, and then were randomized to 28 weeks of DB adjunctive therapy with lurasidone or placebo (N=497). MetS was defined based on NCEP ATP III criteria (2005 revision).
In the short-term monotherapy and adjunctive therapy studies, the proportion of patients at baseline meeting NCEP III criteria for MetS were 27.6% and 23.6%, respectively, for lurasidone, and 23.8% and 25.1%, respectively, for placebo; and at week 6 (LOCF) the proportion with MetS was 27.5% and 26.6%, respectively, for lurasidone and 29.9% and 20.2%, respectively, for placebo. The proportion of patients who did not meet MetS criteria at baseline but developed MetS at week 6 (LOCF) was similar for lurasidone vs. placebo in the monotherapy study (9.9% vs. 11.6%); and in the two adjunctive therapy studies (10.3% vs. 8.3%). During the 6-month OL extension study, the proportion of patients treated with lurasidone monotherapy and adjunctive therapy who did not meet MetS criteria at OL baseline but developed MetS at month 6 (LOCF) was 11.7% and 11.9%, respectively. Conversely, the proportion of patients who met MetS criteria at OL baseline, but no longer met criteria at month 6 (LOCF) was 9.5% and 7.7%, respectively. In the 20-week, OL phase of the recurrence prevention study, the proportion of patients treated with adjunctive lurasidone who did not meet MetS criteria at OL baseline but developed MetS at endpoint was 11.5% (LOCF). After up to 28 weeks of DB treatment, the proportion of patients who did not meet MetS criteria at DB baseline but developed MetS at endpoint was 9.0% in the adjunctive lurasidone group, and 10.5% in the adjunctive placebo group (LOCF).
This post-hoc analysis found that short- and long-term treatment with lurasidone was associated with a relatively low risk for the development of metabolic syndrome in patients with bipolar I disorder. These findings are consistent with similar analyses in patients with schizophrenia.
Supported by funding from Sunovion Pharmaceuticals Inc.
To evaluate the efficacy and safety of lurasidone in the treatment of children and adolescents with bipolar depression presenting with mixed features.
Patients 10 to 17 years of age, inclusive, with a DSM-IV-TR diagnosis of bipolar I depression, were randomized to 6 weeks of double-blind treatment with once-daily, flexible doses of lurasidone 20-80 mg or placebo. The presence of mixed features (subthreshold hypomanic symptoms) was defined as a YMRS score > 5 at study baseline. Efficacy analyses included change from baseline to week 6 in Children Depression Rating Scale, Revised (CDRS-R) score (the primary outcome), and Clinical Global Impressions, Bipolar Severity of Depression Score (CGI-BP-S), using mixed model for repeated measures (MMRM) analysis.
At baseline, mixed features were present in 54.2% of patients (lurasidone, n=97/173; placebo, n=89/170). Treatment with lurasidone (vs placebo) was associated with significantly greater reductions in CDRS-R scores at week 6 in the mixed features group (-21.5 vs -15.9; P<0.01; effect size, 0.45), and in the group without mixed features (-20.4 vs -14.8; P<0.01; effect size, 0.45). Likewise, lurasidone was associated with greater effect size (vs placebo) for reductions inCGI-BP-S scores at week 6 in the mixed features group (-1.6 vs -1.1; P<0.001; effect size 0.57), and in the group without mixed features (-1.3 vs -1.0; P=0.05; effect size 0.30). Rates of protocol-defined treatment-emergent hypomania or mania were similar for lurasidone and placebo in patients with mixed features(lurasidone 8.2% vs. placebo 9.0%) and without mixed features (lurasidone 1.3% vs. placebo 3.7%).
In this post-hoc analysis, lurasidone was found to be efficacious for treating child and adolescent patients with bipolar depression presenting with mixed features(assessed cross-sectionally at study baseline). There was no increased risk of treatment-emergent mania observed in patients with or without mixed features.
Sunovion Pharmaceuticals Inc.
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